A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science
Ed. by Wildberg, Christian / Morison, Benjamin
Aristotle provides two different explanations for there being three distinct and (so I will argue) genuine kinds of friendship: friendship based on virtue, on pleasure, and on utility. In the Eudemian Ethics, he conceives their unity as a focal meaning unity, whereas, in the Nicomachean Ethics, resemblance is the key notion for unifying the three cases of friendship. In this paper, I propose an interpretation for this conceptual change, attempting to show why resemblance is a better tool than focal meaning to account for these three genuine kinds, and how Aristotle can maintain a hierarchy among them within a unity based on resemblance.