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The Soul and Personal Identity in Early Stoicism: Two Theories?

Aiste Celkyte
Published Online: 2017-09-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/apeiron-2017-0038


This paper is dedicated to exploring the alleged difference between Cleanthes’ and Chrysippus’ accounts of the post-mortal survival of the souls and the conceptions of personal identity that these accounts underpin. I argue that while Cleanthes conceptualised the personal identity as grounded in the rational soul, Chrysippus conceptualised it as the being an embodied rational soul. I also suggest that this difference between the two early Stoics might have been due to his metaphysical commitments arising from his response to the Growing Argument put forth by the Academics rather than the critique of his teacher.

Keywords: stoicism; soul; identity; immortality


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About the article

Published Online: 2017-09-13

Citation Information: Apeiron, ISSN (Online) 2156-7093, ISSN (Print) 0003-6390, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/apeiron-2017-0038.

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