Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Apeiron

A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science

Ed. by Wildberg, Christian / Morison, Benjamin

Online
ISSN
2156-7093
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print

Issues

Cicero Defining the Stoic Science of Divination

Andree Hahmann
  • Corresponding author
  • Departmet of Germanic Languages and Literatures,University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-11-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/apeiron-2017-0078

Abstract

This paper is devoted to the Stoic definition of divination as reported by Cicero. It proposes a novel reading that coherently combines the distinct versions offered in De divinatione. Especially important is the proper understanding of the close relationship between providence, fate, and chance. I argue that the Stoic understanding of chance already contains a reference to divine will, which is why the Stoics can equally claim that divination is devoted to chance and providence. This sheds new light both on the Stoic science of divination and the systematic involvement of providence, fate, and divination in Stoic philosophy.

Keywords: stoicism; divination; providence; causation

References

  • Alexander of Aphrodisias. 1983. On Fate, Text. Translation and commentary by R. W. Sharples, London: Duckworth.Google Scholar

  • Alexander of Aphrodisias. 2004. Supplement to On the Soul. Transl. by R. W. Sharples. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar

  • Arnim, H. V., edited by 1903–1905. Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta. Leipzig: Teubner (=SVF).Google Scholar

  • Bobzien, Suzanne. 1998. Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Brouwer, René. 2011. “Polybius and Stoic Tyche.” Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 51: 111–32.Google Scholar

  • Chrysippe. 2004. Œuvre Philosophique. Tome I et II. Textes traduits et commentés par Richard Dufour. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.Google Scholar

  • Cicero, Marcus Tullius. 2006. On Divination/De Divinatione. Book I. Translated with Introduction and Historical Commentary by D. Wardle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Cicero. 1923. De Senectute, De Amicitia, De Divinatione. With an English translation by W. A. Falconer. Cambridge (Mass.), London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

  • Colish, Marcia. 1990. The Stoic Tradition from Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages, Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar

  • Cornutus, Lucius Annaeus. 2009. Die Griechischen Götter: Ein Überblick über Namen, Bilder und Deutungen. Hrsg. von Heinz-Günther Nesselrath, eingel., übers. und mit interpretierenden Essays vers. von Fabio Berdozzo. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.Google Scholar

  • Denyer, Nicholas. 1985. “The Case against Divination: An Examination of Cicero’s De Divinatione.” Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 211 (New Series, No 31): 1–10.Google Scholar

  • Dihle, Albrecht. 1982. The Theory of Will in Classical Antiquity. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Frede, Michael (author). 2012. A.A. Long (Ed). A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Gasparo, Giulia Sfameni. 1997. “Daimôn und Tuchê in the Hellenistic Religious Experience.” In Conventional Values of the Hellenistic Greeks, edited by P. Bilde, T. Engbberg-Pedersen, L. Hannestad and J. Zahle, 67–109. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hahm, David E. 1977. The Origins of Stoic Cosmology. Ohio: Ohio State University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hankinson, Richard J. 1988. “Stoicism, Science and Divination.” In Method, Medicine and Metaphysics. Studies in the Philosophy of Ancient Science, edited by R.J. Hankinson, Apeiron 31.2, 123–60.Google Scholar

  • Hankinson, Richard J. 1999. “Determinism and Indeterminism.” In The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, edited by K.A. Algra et al., 513–41. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hülser, Karlheinz (ed. and translator). 1987. Die Fragmente zur Dialektik der Stoiker. Stuttgart-Bad Canstatt: frommann-holzboog (=FDS).Google Scholar

  • Inwood, Brad, and Lloyd P. Gerson. 2008. The Stoic Reader. Selected Writings and Testimonia. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.Google Scholar

  • Kerferd, G. B. 1978. “What Does the Wise Man Know?.” In The Stoics, edited by J.M. Rist, 125–36. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Lawrence, Stuart. 2013. “Fate and Chance.” In The Encyclopedia of Greek Tragedy, edited by H.M. Roisman, 502–06. Chichester; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Long, A. A., and D. N. Sedley. 1987. The Hellenistic Philosophers. Vol. 1 Translation of the Principal Sources with Philosophical Commentary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Pease, Arthur Stanley. 1920. “M. Tulli Ciceronis De Divinatione. Liber Primus. Part I. With Commentary.” In University of Illionois Studies in Language and Literature, Volume VI. University of Illinois, 159–326.Google Scholar

  • Pfeffer, Friedrich. 1976. Studien zur Mantik in der Philosophie der Antike. (Ed). Anton Hain. Meisenheim am Glan.Google Scholar

  • Repici, L. 1995. “Gli Stoici e la divinazione secondo Cicerone.” Hermes 123: 175–92.Google Scholar

  • Salles, Ricardo. 2003. “Determinism and Recurrence in Early Stoic Thought.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 24: 253–72.Google Scholar

  • Schäublin, Christoph. 1985. “Cicero, ‘De divinatione’ und Poseidonios.” Museum Helveticum 42 (2): 157–67.Google Scholar

  • Schmekel, A. 1892. Die Philosophie der mittleren Stoa in ihrem geschichtlichen Zusammenhange. Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung.Google Scholar

  • Schofield, Malcolm. 1986. “Cicero for and against Divination.” The Journal of Roman Studies 76: 47–65.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sellars, John. 2003. The Art of Living. The Stoics on the Nature and Function of Philosophy. Aldershot, Burlington: Bristol Classical Press.Google Scholar

  • Striker, Gisela. 1996. “Antipater, or the Art of Living.” In Essays on Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics. (Ed). G. Striker, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Struck, Peter T. 2016. Divination and Human Nature: A Cognitive History of Intuition in Classical Antiquity. Princeton, Oxford: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

  • Timpanaro, S. 1988. Cicerone. Della divinazione. Milan: Garzanti Libri.Google Scholar

  • Vogt, Katja Maria. 2018. “A Unified Notion of Cause.” Rhizomata 6: 65–86.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wachsmuth, Curt. 1860. Die Ansichten der Stoiker über Mantik und Dämonen. Berlin: Nicolaische Verlagsbuchhandlung.Google Scholar

  • White, Michael J. 2003. “Stoic Natural Philosophy.” In The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics, edited by B. Inwood, 124–52. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-11-08


Citation Information: Apeiron, ISSN (Online) 2156-7093, ISSN (Print) 0003-6390, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/apeiron-2017-0078.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter Inc., Boston/Berlin.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in