Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

arcadia

International Journal of Literary Culture / Internationale Zeitschrift für literarische Kultur

Ed. by Biti, Vladimir / Liska, Vivian


CiteScore 2018: 0.12

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.122
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.329

Online
ISSN
1613-0642
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 51, Issue 1

Issues

Life as Art, Art as Life, and Life’s Art: the ‘Living Poetics’ of Italian Modernism

Monica Jansen
  • Corresponding author
  • Utrecht University, Dept. of Languages, Literature and Communication – Italian, Trans 10, 3512 JK Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Srećko Jurišić
  • University of Split, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Dept. of Italian Studies, Radovanova 13, 21000 Split, Croatia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Carmen Van den Bergh
Published Online: 2016-06-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/arcadia-2016-0004

Abstract

This article studies the key concept of ‘life’ within the context of Italian modernism, understood in the broad sense of a network of cultural responses in the period from 1861 until the mid-1930s. Following Roberto Esposito’s suggestion that the transversal category of life is distinctive for Italian “living thought” (Esposito), the ‘living poetics’ here exposed focuses on three key literary moments in which the crucial relationship between life and art is radically redefined. D’Annunzio’s ‘life as art’ aesthetics develops a ‘lifestyle’ with an individualist as well as nationalist dimension with its climax in the First World War. Futurism, starting from the axiom that war is the sole hygiene of the world, develops instead an ‘art as life program’ with which to revolutionize not only present life but also the afterlife. Finally, the young realists of the 1930s bring back absolutist notions of life to their realist and private proportions in order to create a poetics of reconstruction after the trauma of the Great War. A comparison between these literary moments shows how the concept of life not only is a constitutive element of an Italian ‘living poetics,’ but also that literary change entails a constant redefinition of autonomist and heteronomous aspects of the paradoxical tension between art and life.

Keywords: life; modernism; D’Annunzio; Futurism; realism; Decadentism

Works Cited

  • Adamson, Walter L. “The End of an Avant-Garde? Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and Futurism in World War I and its Aftermath.” The History of Futurism. The Precursors, Protagonists, and Legacies. Eds. Geert Buelens, Harald Hendrix, and Monica Jansen. Lanham: Lexington, 2012. 299–318.Google Scholar

  • Anceschi, Luciano. “Contributo per una nuova cultura” (Contribution for a New Culture). Il saggiatore 4.6 (Aug.–Oct. 1933): 266–67.Google Scholar

  • Asor Rosa, Alberto. “Avanguardia” (Avant-garde). Enciclopedia Einaudi. Vol. 2. Torino: Einaudi, 1977. 195–331.Google Scholar

  • Baldi, Valentino. “A cosa serve il modernismo italiano?” (What is the Use of Italian Modernism?). Allegoria 63.1 (2011): 66–82.Google Scholar

  • Badiou, Alain. The Century. Trans. Alberto Toscano. Oxford: Polity, 2007.Google Scholar

  • [Barbaro, Umberto?]. “Neo-realismo” (New Realism). L’Ambrosiano July 27th, 1931: 1.Google Scholar

  • Bocelli, Arnaldo. “Ritorno al romanzo” (Back to the Novel). ll Corriere padano 28 Aug. 1930.Google Scholar

  • Castellana, Riccardo. “Realismo modernista. Un’idea del romanzo italiano (1915–1925)” (Modernist Realism. An idea of the Italian Novel [1915–1925]). Italianistica XXXIX.1 (2010): 23–45.Google Scholar

  • Croce, Benedetto. “L’ultimo d’Annunzio” (The Last d’Annunzio). Filosofia. Politica. Storia. Milano and Napoli: Ricciardi, 1951.Google Scholar

  • D’Annunzio, Gabriele. The Child of Pleasure. Trans. Georgina Harding. New York and Berlin: Mondial, 2006.Google Scholar

  • D’Annunzio, Gabriele. Il piacere (The Child of Pleasure). Prose di romanzi. Vol. 1. Ed. Annamaria Andreoli. Milano: Mondadori, 1988.Google Scholar

  • D’Annunzio, Gabriele. Tutte le novelle (Complete Short Stories). Ed. Annamaria Andreoli. Milano: Mondadori, 1992.Google Scholar

  • D’Annunzio, Gabriele. Lettere ai Treves (Letters to his publisher Treves). Ed. Gianni Oliva. Milano: Garzanti, 1999.Google Scholar

  • De Cauwer, Stijn. “Montage to Evoke Life in the Modern Metropolis Berlin in Alfred Döblin’s Berlin Alexanderplatz.” La Littérature comme document. Les Écrivains et la culture visuelle autour de 1930 (online exhibition). Eds. Carmen Van den Bergh, Anne Reverseau, and Sarah Bonciarelli. Mariemont: Musée Royal de Mariemont, 2014.Google Scholar

  • De Michelis, Eurialo. “La Ronda e noi” (La Ronda and Us). Il lavoro fascista 4.V.122 (1932): 3.Google Scholar

  • De Nicola, Francesco. Neorealismo (Neorealism). Milano: Editrice bibliografica, 1996.Google Scholar

  • Dèttore, Ugo. “Letture e commenti” (Lectures and Comments). Eclectica. IV.1 (1931): 25.Google Scholar

  • Donnarumma, Raffaele. “Tracciato del modernismo italiano” (A Mapping of Italian Modernism). Sul modernismo italiano. Eds. Romano Luperini and Massimiliano Tortora. Napoli: Liguori, 2012. 13–38.Google Scholar

  • Drago, Pietro Cristiano. “Inquietudine etica e cultura” (Restlessness, Ethics, and Culture). Il saggiatore 1.5 (July 1930): 134.Google Scholar

  • Esposito, Roberto. Living Thought. The Origins and Actuality of Italian Philosophy. Trans. Zakiya Hanafi. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2012.Google Scholar

  • Granata, Giorgio. “Dei giovani” (About Youth). Il saggiatore 1.1–2 (April 1930): 9–15.Google Scholar

  • Herman, Luc. Concepts of Realism. Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1996.Google Scholar

  • Hughes-Hallet, Lucy. The Pike: Gabriele d’Annunzio: Poet, Seducer & Preacher of War. London: Fourth Estate, 2013.Google Scholar

  • I Futuristi. “L’aeropittura, manifesto futurista” (Aeropainting, a Futurist Manifesto). Futurismo 1909–1944. Ed. Enrico Crispolti. Milan: Mazzotta, 2001. 555–56.Google Scholar

  • Jurišić, Srećko. “La presenza assente. La filigrana dannunziana ne Il fu Mattia Pascal” (The Absent presence. D’annunzio’s Filigrain in Il fu Mattia Pascal). Finzioni & finzioni. Illusione e affabulazione in Pirandello e nel modernismo europeo. Eds. Bart Van den Bossche, Monica Jansen, and Natalie Dupré. Firenze: Franco Cesati, 2013. 139–55.Google Scholar

  • Lash, Scott. “Life (Vitalism).” Theory, Culture & Society 23.2–3 (2006): 323–49.Google Scholar

  • Luisetti, Federico. “A Vitalist Art: Filippo Tommaso Marinetti’s sintesi radiofoniche.” The History of Futurism. The Precursors, Protagonists, and Legacies. Eds. Geert Buelens, Harald Hendrix, and Monica Jansen. Lanham: Lexington, 2012. 283–96.Google Scholar

  • Luperini, Romano. “Il modernismo italiano esiste” (Italian Modernism Exists). Sul modernismo italiano. Eds. Romano Luperini and Massimiliano Tortora. Napoli: Liguori, 2012. 3–12.Google Scholar

  • Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso. Critical Writings. Ed. Günter Berghaus. Trans. Doug Thompson. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006.Google Scholar

  • Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso. “Manifesto of Futurist Sacred Art.” Piety and Pragmatism: Spiritualism in Futurist Art. Eds. Massimo Duranti et al. Roma: Gangemi Editore, 2007. 90–3.Google Scholar

  • Meizoz, Jérôme. Postures littéraires. Mises en scène modernes de l’auteur. Essai. Genève: Slatkine Érudition, 2007.Google Scholar

  • Moravia, Alberto. The Indifferent ones. Trans. Aida Mastrangelo. New York: E. P. Dutton and Co, 1932.Google Scholar

  • MDRN. Modern Times. Literary Change. Leuven: Peeters, 2013.Google Scholar

  • Pancrazi, Pietro. “Postilla sui romanzieri per forza” (Postscript on Forced Novelists) [1931]. Scrittori italiani del novecento. Gius. Laterza & Figli: Bari, 1934. 224–26.Google Scholar

  • Pannunzio, Mario. “Del romanzo” (On the Novel). Il saggiatore 2.11 (January 1932): 1.Google Scholar

  • Pirandello, Luigi. Carteggi inediti (Unpublished Letters). Ed. Sarah Zappulla Muscarà. Roma: Bulzoni, 1980.Google Scholar

  • Pirandello, Luigi. Il fu Mattia Pascal (The Late Mattia Pascal). Milano: Mondadori, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Pirandello, Luigi. “Su ‘Le vergini delle rocce’ di G. D’Annunzio.” Umorismo e altri saggi (On Humour and Other Essays). Ed. Enrico Ghidetti. Firenze: Giunti, 1994.Google Scholar

  • Salaris, Claudia. Alla festa della rivoluzione. Artisti e libertari con D’Annunzio a Fiume (At the Feast of the Revolution. Artists and Libertarians in Fiume with D’Annunzio). Il Mulino: Bologna, 2002.Google Scholar

  • Schnapp, Jeffrey. “Why Speed is a Religion-Morality.” Modernitalia. Ed. Francesca Santovetti. New York: Peter Lang, 2012. 1–21.Google Scholar

  • Somigli, Luca, and Mario Moroni. “Modernism in Italy: An Introduction.” Italian Modernism. Italian Culture between Decadentism and Avant-Garde. Eds. Luca Somigli and Mario Moroni. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2004. 3–31.Google Scholar

  • Vittorini, Elio. “Scarico di coscienza” (Discharge of Consciousness). L’Italia letteraria 1.28 (October 13th, 1929): 1.Google Scholar

  • Wohl, Robert. The Generation of 1914. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1979.Google Scholar

  • Woolf, Virginia. “Phases of Fiction” [1929]. Granite and Rainbow: Essays by Virginia Woolf. Ed. Leonard Woolf. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1958. 93–145.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-06-07

Published in Print: 2016-06-01


Citation Information: arcadia, Volume 51, Issue 1, Pages 24–45, ISSN (Online) 1613-0642, ISSN (Print) 0003-7982, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/arcadia-2016-0004.

Export Citation

© 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in