Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Artificial Satellites

The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.179
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.560

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-6104
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 48, Issue 1 (Jan 2013)

Issues

Testing the Number of IGS Stations Required for Accurate Alignment of the Thai GPS Network and ITRF2005 Using the Gipsy Software

Chalermchon Satirapod / Punlop Payakleard / Wim J.F. Simons / Somchai Kriengkraiwasin
Published Online: 2013-02-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/arsa-2013-0001

ABSTRACT

Since its introduction in 1990s, the GPS Precise Point Positioning (PPP) technique has been widely used for many high precision positioning applications such as the study of tectonic plate motion, establishment of national and regional reference frames and so on. Among the GPS PPP software packages, the GIPSY-OASIS II software package is the one of the most popular software package used by many research institutes worldwide. The processing of GPS data with the GIPSY-OASIS II software requires three main steps. The first step is to compute a daily GPS solution for each station and the second step is to combine daily GPS solutions into a multi-day averaged solution. The final step is to transform these multi-day averaged solutions into the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) coordinate solution and this step generally requires the use of available International GNSS service (IGS) stations to compute the required transformation parameters. In order to obtain high precision ITRF coordinate solutions, an investigation on a selection of IGS stations used for aligning the multi-day averaged solution into ITRF is therefore needed. This study aims to investigate the effect of number of IGS stations used for aligning the multi-day averaged solutions into the final ITRF coordinate solution in Thai region. Data from two different GPS campaigns (with epochs before and after the 2004 Sumatra- Andaman earthquake) measured by the Royal Thai Survey Department (RTSD) were used in this investigation. By varying the number of IGS station used in the alignment step, results indicate that the use of at least 16 IGS stations in the alignment process can produce reliable and accurate ITRF solutions especially those impacted by the large earthquake.

Keywords : GPS; PPP; IGS; ITRF; GIPSY-OASIS II; Thailand

  • Altamimi, Z., Collilieux, X., Legrand, J., Garayt, B. and Boucher, C. (2007) ITRF2005: A new release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame based on time series of station positions and Earth Orientation Parameters, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, B09401, doi:10.1029/2007JB004949.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Cochran, W.G. (1977) Sampling Techniques, 3rd edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 428 pp.Google Scholar

  • Defraigne, P., and Baire, Q. (2011) Combining GPS and GLONASS for time and frequency transfer, Advances in Space Research, Vol. 47, Issue 2, pp.265-275, 2011.Google Scholar

  • Gregorius, T. (1996) GIPSY-OASIS II: How it works…, Department of Geomatics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 109.Google Scholar

  • Guyennon, N., Cerretto, G., Tavella, P., and Lahaye, F. (2009) Further characterization of the time transfer capabilities of Precise Point Positioning (PPP): the Sliding Batch Procedure, IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control, 56(8), pp. 1634-1641.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Lejba, P., Nawrocki, J., Lemański, D., and Nogaś P. (2011) AOS studies on use of PPP technique for time transfer, Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) Systems and Applications Meeting, Paper 46, pp.407-419, 14-17 November, Long Beach, USA.Google Scholar

  • Munekane, H. and Fukuzaki, Y. (2006) A plate motion model around Japan, Bulletin of GSI, 53, pp. 35-41.Google Scholar

  • Neil, A.E. (1996) Global mapping functions for the atmospheric delay at radio wavelengths, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, pp. 3227-3246.Google Scholar

  • Overgaauw, B., Ambrosius, B.A.C. and Wakker, K.F. (1994) Analysis of the EUREF-89GPSdata from the SLR/VLBI sites, Bulletin Geodesique, 68, pp. 19-28.Google Scholar

  • Panumastrakul E., Simons W.J.F. and Satirapod C. (2012) Modeling Post-seismic Displacements in Thai Geodetic Network due to the Sumatra-Andaman and Nias Earthquakes Using GPS Observations, Survey Review, 44(324), pp. 72-77.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Satirapod, C., Laoniyomthai, N. and Chabangborn, A. (2007a) Crustal Movement of Thailand Disc Due to 28 March 2005 Earthquake as Observed from GPS Measurements, International Journal of Geoinformatics, 3(1), pp. 29-33 .Google Scholar

  • Satirapod, C., Simons, W. J. F., Promthong, C., Yousamran, S. and Trisirisatayawong, I. (2007b) Deformation of Thailand as detected by GPS measurements due to the December 26th, 2004 mega-thrust Earthquake, Survey Review, 39(304), pp. 109-115.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Satirapod, C., Simons, W. J. F. and Promthong, C. (2008) Monitoring deformation of Thai Geodetic Network due to the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman and 2005 Nias Earthquakes by GPS, Journal of Surveying Engineering (ASCE), 134(3), pp. 83-88.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Satirapod, C., Bamrungwong, S., Vigny, C. and Lee, H.K. (2010) Change of strain rate in Thailand after the 26 December 2004 and 28 March 2005 earthquakes using GPS measurements, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 14(2), pp. 215-220.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Satirapod, C., Simons, W. J. F., Panumastrakul, E. and Trisirisatayawong, I. (2011) Updating Thai Reference Frame to ITRF2005 Using GPS: Diversion between ITRF2000 and 2005 in Southeast Asia, Survey Review, 43(319), pp. 45-53.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Satirapod C., Trisirisatayawong, T., Fleitout, L., Garaud, J.D. and Simons, W.J.F. (2012) Vertical Motions in Thailand after the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake from GPS Observations and Its Geophysical Modelling, Advances in Space Research, 2012 , doi:10.1016/j.asr.2012.04.030.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Scherneck, H.G. (1991) A parametrized solid Earth tide mode and ocean loading effects for global geodetic base-line measurements, Geophysical Journal International, 106 (3), pp. 677-694.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Simons, W. J. F., Ambrosius, B. A. C., Noomen, R., Angermann, D., Wilson, P., Becker, M., Reinhart, E., Walpersdorf, A. and Vigny, C. (1999) Observing Plate Motions in S.E. Asia: Geodetic Results of the GEODYSSEA Project, Geophysical Research Letters, 26(14), pp.2081-2084.Google Scholar

  • Simons, W.J.F, Socquet, A., Vigny, C., Ambrosius, B.A.C., Abu, S. H., Promthong, C, Subarya, C., Sarsito, D.A., Matheussen, S., Morgan, P. and Spakman, W. (2007) A Decade of GPS in Southeast Asia: Resolving Sundaland motion and boundaries, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, doi:10.1029/2005JB003868.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Simons, W.J.F., Panumastrakul, E. and Yousamran, S. (2009) Processing the RTSD November 2008 GPS Campaign, DEOS official report to RTSD, Delft, The Netherlands, 18 pp.Google Scholar

  • Vigny, C., Simons, W. J. F., Abu, S., Ronnachai, B., Satirapod, C., Choosakul, M., Subarya, C., Omar, K., Abidin, H.Z., Socquet, A. and Ambrosius, B.A.C. (2005) Insight into the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake from GPS measurements in southeast Asia, Nature, 436, pp. 201-206.Google Scholar

  • Webb, F., and Zumberge, J. (1997) An introduction to GIPSY/OASIS-II, precision software for the analysis of data from the Global Positioning System, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, JPL D-11088, July.Google Scholar

  • Yamane, T. (1973) Statistics: an Introductory Analysis, 3rd edition, Harper and Row, New York, 1130pp.Google Scholar

  • Zumberge, J., Heflin, M.B., Jefferson, D.C., Watkins, M., and Webb, F.H. (1997) Precise Point Positioning for the efficient and robust analysis of GPS data from large networks, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102(B3), pp. 5005-5017. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2013-02-12

Published in Print: 2013-01-01


Citation Information: Artificial Satellites, ISSN (Online) 2083-6104, ISSN (Print) 0208-841X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/arsa-2013-0001.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Mohamad Asrul Mustafar, Wim J. F. Simons, Felix Tongkul, Chalermchon Satirapod, Kamaludin Mohd Omar, and Pieter N. A. M. Visser
Journal of Geodesy, 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in