Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Asiatische Studien - Études Asiatiques

Zeitschrift der Schweizerischen Asiengesellschaft - Revue de la Société Suisse-Asie

Editor-in-Chief: Suter, Rafael

4 Issues per year

Online
ISSN
2235-5871
See all formats and pricing
More options …

University Newspaper Editorial: The Starting Point of the Student Movement

Chris Perkins
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Asian Studies, University of Edinburgh, 50 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9LH, UK
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-06-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/asia-2017-0031

Abstract

The editorial translated below appeared in the University Newspaper (Daigaku Shinbun), published out of Tokyo Imperial University, on 11 October 1945. It is a very early example of the reemergence of the Japanese student movement after years of repression under the wartime regime. The central issue animating the editorial is the question of how to guard against the rise of “liars and opportunists,” who will use the language of democracy to further their own interests. For the writer, the answer is a vigorous association of progressives, with students at its heart. But for students to be able to play their proper, indeed historically mandated role in such a movement, they first need to acquire the correct political subjectivity. This is the starting point of the student movement.

Keywords: postwar occupation of Japan; student movement; subjectivity; newspaper editorial; protest; political theory

Original Title

大学新聞社説:学生運動の発足点 Daigaku Shinbun shasetsu: Gakusei Undō no Hassokuten

Bibliography

  • Ando, Takemasa (2013): “Transforming ‘Everydayness’: Japanese New Left Movements and the Meaning of Their Direct Action”. Japanese Studies 33.1: 1–18.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ando, Takemasa (2014): Japan’s New Left Movements: Legacies for Civil Society. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Barshay, Andrew E. (1998): “Postwar Social and Political Thought, 1945–90”. In: Modern Japanese Thought. Edited by Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 273–355.Google Scholar

  • Dower, John (1999): Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Aftermath of World War II. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar

  • Hasegawa, Kenji (2003): “In Search of a New Radical Left: The Rise and Fall of the Anpo Bund, 1955–1960”. Stanford Journal of East Asian Affairs 3.1: 75–92.Google Scholar

  • Hasegawa, Kenji (2006a): “Student Soldiers the Japanese Communist Party’s ‘Period of Extreme Leftist Adventurism’”. Stanford Journal of East Asian Affairs 6.1: 42–52.Google Scholar

  • Hasegawa, Kenji (2006b): “Watanabe Tsuneo, Okiura Kazuteru, and the “Defeat” of the Postwar Shinjinkai”. Journal of the International Student Center Yokohama National University 13: 83–107.Google Scholar

  • Igarashi, Yoshikuni (2007): “Dead Bodies and Living Guns: The United Red Army and Its Deadly Pursuit of Revolution, 1971–1972”. Japanese Studies 27.2: 119–137.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kawai, Kazuo (1950): “Mokusatsu, Japan’s Response to the Potsdam Declaration”. Pacific Historical Review 19.4: 409–414.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kersten, Rikki (2009): “The Intellectual Culture of Postwar Japan and the 1968–1969 University of Tokyo Struggles: Repositioning the Self in Postwar Thought”. Social Science Japan Journal 12.2: 227–245.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Koschmann, Victor (1981): “The Debate on Subjectivity in Postwar Japan: Foundations of Modernism as a Political Critique”. Pacific Affairs 54.4: 609–631.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Koschmann, Victor (1996): Revolution and Subjectivity in Postwar Japan. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • Lifton, Robert J. (1962): “Youth and History: Individual Change in Postwar Japan”. Daedalus 91.1: 172–197.Google Scholar

  • Maruyama, Masao (1958): “Being and Doing”. Translated by Dennis Washburn. Review of Japanese Culture and Society 25: 152–169.Google Scholar

  • Mitchell, Richard H. (1973): “Japan’s Peace Preservation Law of 1925: Its Origins and Significance”. Monumenta Nipponica 28.3: 317–345.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Morris-Suzuki, T. (1998): Re-Inventing Japan: Time, Space, Nation. London: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar

  • Nakazawa, Atsushi 中澤篤史 (2008): “Taishō kōki kara Shōwa shoki ni okeru Tōkyō teikoku daigaku undōkai no soshikika katei: gakuseikan oyobi daigaku tōkyoku no sōgō kōi ni shōten o atete 大正後期から昭和初期のおける東京帝国大学運動会の組織化過程:学生間および大学当局の相互行為に焦点をあてて (The Organizational Process of undōkai at the Imperial University of Tokyo from the Late Taishō era to the Early Shōwa Era: Focusing on Interactions Among Students and University)”. Taiikugaku Kenkyū 体育学研究 53: 315–328.Google Scholar

  • National Diet Library (2003): 1-20 Conference Between Prime Minister Shidehara and General MacArthur, October 11, 1945. http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/shiryo/01/033shoshi.html (26/08/2015)

  • National Diet Library (2006): Modern Japan in Archives: Reconstruction of Japan. http://www.ndl.go.jp/modern/e/cha5/description03.html (26/08/2015)

  • Perkins, Christopher (2015): The United Red Army on Screen: Cinema, Aesthetics and the Politics of Memory. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Sanichi Shobō Henshūbu 三一書房編集部 (ed.) (1968): Shasetsu: Gakusei Undō no Hassokuten [Daigakushinbun, 11/10/1945] 社説:学生運動の発足点「大学新聞 一九四五10月11日号」 Editorial: The Starting Point of the Student Movement [University Newspaper, 11/10/1945]. Tokyo: Sanichi Shobō 三一書房, 12–15.Google Scholar

  • Scalapino, R. A. (1967): The Japanese Communist Movement, 1920–1966. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Shillony, Ben-Ami (1986): “Universities and Students in Wartime Japan”. The Journal of Asian Studies 45: 769–787.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Shimbori, Michiya (1963): “Comparison between Pre- and Post-War Student Movements in Japan”. Sociology of Education 37.1: 59–70.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Smith, Henry (1970): “The Origins of Student Radicalism in Japan”. Journal of Contemporary History 5.1: 87–103.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Smith, Henry (1972): Japan’s First Student Radicals. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

  • Steinhoff, Patricia (2003): Shi e no ideorogii 死へのイデオロギー (Deadly Ideology). Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten 岩波書店.Google Scholar

  • Steinhoff, Patricia (2012): “Japan: Student Activism in an Emerging Democracy”. In: Student Activism in Japan: Between Protest and Powerlessness. Edited by Meredith Weiss and Edward Aspinall. London: University of Minnesota Press, 57–78.Google Scholar

  • Sumiya, Etsuji 住谷悦治 / Takakuwa, Suehide 高桑末秀 / Ogura, Jōji 小倉譲二 (1953): Nihon gakusei shakai undō shi: Kyōto o chūshin ni 日本学生運動史:京都を中心に (A History of Student Social Movements in Japan: Centering on Kyoto). Kyōto: Dōshisha Daigaku Shuppansha 同志社大学出版社.Google Scholar

  • Wakabayashi, Bob T. (1998): “Introduction”. In: Modern Japanese Thought. Edited by Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1–18.Google Scholar

  • Yamanaka, Akira 山中明 (1961): Sengo Gakusei Undōshi 戦後学生運動史 (A History of the Postwar Student Movement). Tokyo: Aoki Shinsho 青木新書.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-06-10

Published in Print: 2017-06-27


Citation Information: Asiatische Studien - Études Asiatiques, Volume 71, Issue 2, Pages 683–695, ISSN (Online) 2235-5871, ISSN (Print) 0004-4717, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/asia-2017-0031.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in