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Open Astronomy

formerly Baltic Astronomy

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Volume 24, Issue 4


Binary Star Database: Binaries Discovered in Non-Optical Bands

Oleg Yu. Malkov
  • Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 48 Pyatnitskaya St., Moscow 119017, Russian Federation
  • Faculty of Physics, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation
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/ Solomon B. Tessema
  • Department of Physics, Kotebe University College, P.O. Box 31248, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Division, Entoto Observatory and Research Center, P.O. Box 33679, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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/ Alexei Yu. Kniazev
  • South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa
  • Southern African Large Telescope Foundation, P.O. Box 9, 7935 Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Sternberg Astronomical Institute, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 13 Universitetskij Prosp., Moscow 119991, Russian Federation
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Published Online: 2017-02-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/astro-2017-0241


The Binary star Database (BDB) is the world’s principal database of binary and multiple systems of all observational types. In particular, it should contain data on binaries discovered in non-optical bands, X-ray binaries (XRBs) and radio pulsars in binaries. The goal of the present study was to compile complete lists of such objects.

Due to the lack of a unified identification system for XRBs, we had to select them from five principal catalogues of X-ray sources. After cross-identification and positional cross-matching, a general catalogue of 373 XRBs was constructed for the first time. It contains coordinates, indication of photometric and spectroscopic binarity, and extensive cross-identification. In the preparation of the catalogue, a number of XRB classification disagreements were resolved, some catalogued identifiers and coordinates were corrected, and duplicated entries in the original catalogues were found.

We have also compiled a general list of 239 radio pulsars in binary systems. The list is supplied with indication of photometric, spectroscopic or X-ray binarity, and with cross-identification data.

Keywords: binaries: close; X-rays: stars; pulsars: general; catalogs


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About the article

Received: 2015-11-02

Accepted: 2015-11-30

Published Online: 2017-02-18

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Open Astronomy, Volume 24, Issue 4, Pages 395–402, ISSN (Online) 2543-6376, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/astro-2017-0241.

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© 2015 Oleg Yu. Malkov et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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