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Volume 25, Issue 1


Astronomical Surveys and Big Data

Areg M. Mickaelian
  • V. Ambartsumian Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Armenia, Byurakan 378433, Aragatzotn Province, Armenia
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Published Online: 2017-02-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/astro-2017-0113


Recent all-sky and large-area astronomical surveys and their catalogued data over the whole range of electromagnetic spectrum, from γ-rays to radio waves, are reviewed, including such as Fermi-GLAST and INTEGRAL in γ-ray, ROSAT, XMM and Chandra in X-ray, GALEX in UV, SDSS and several POSS I and POSS II-based catalogues (APM, MAPS, USNO, GSC) in the optical range, 2MASS in NIR, WISE and AKARI IRC in MIR, IRAS and AKARI FIS in FIR, NVSS and FIRST in radio range, and many others, as well as the most important surveys giving optical images (DSS I and II, SDSS, etc.), proper motions (Tycho, USNO, Gaia), variability (GCVS, NSVS, ASAS, Catalina, Pan-STARRS), and spectroscopic data (FBS, SBS, Case, HQS, HES, SDSS, CALIFA, GAMA). An overall understanding of the coverage along the whole wavelength range and comparisons between various surveys are given: galaxy redshift surveys, QSO/AGN, radio, Galactic structure, and Dark Energy surveys. Astronomy has entered the Big Data era, with Astrophysical Virtual Observatories and Computational Astrophysics playing an important role in using and analyzing big data for new discoveries.

Keywords: astronomical databases: miscellaneous; catalogs; surveys; virtual observatory tools


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About the article

Received: 2016-01-14

Accepted: 2016-03-04

Published Online: 2017-02-01

Published in Print: 2016-03-01

Citation Information: Open Astronomy, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 75–88, ISSN (Online) 2543-6376, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/astro-2017-0113.

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© 2016 Areg M. Mickaelian, published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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