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Open Astronomy

formerly Baltic Astronomy

Editor-in-Chief: Barbuy, Beatriz


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.350

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ICV 2017: 121.03

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ISSN
2543-6376
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Volume 27, Issue 1

Issues

Large scale hydrodynamic modes of oscillations in gaseous disks of flat galaxies with a kink on rotation curves

Yury Torgashin
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, 48 Pyatnitskaya Str. 119017 Moscow, Russia; National Research Centre ”Kurchatov Institute”, 1, Akademika Kurchatova pl., Moscow, 123182, Moscow, Russia
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Turgunbek Omurkanov
  • Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, 48 Pyatnitskaya Str. 119017 Moscow, Russia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-10-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/astro-2018-0031

Abstract

The properties of unstable large-scale hydrodynamic (HD) modes of oscillations in the gaseous disk of a flat galaxy with a rotation curve having a velocity jump in the inner region of the disk are numerically investigated. It is shown that some of these modes can form a regular pseudo-ring, and others can generate a spiral structure in a model galactic disk, with the rotation curve that can approximate the observed rotation curves in nearby massive spiral galaxies (such as M31, M81). The characteristic time of formation of the regular structure turns out to be . (1 − 2) GY, the corotation is located in the region of the velocity jump (on the radius∼ 2 − 4 kpc). The properties of the generated densitywaves are determined by the parameters of the velocity jumpon the rotation curve (relative amplitude and steepness of the velocity profile decrease), as well as the temperature (velocity dispersion) of the gas in the disk. For the first time, it was investigated how the global HD modes and the spiral structures formed by them will change in the case of the presence of a jump in the profile of the equilibrium surface density. This model profile was set in the form of a slightly smeared falling density step. Main results were obtained for two-arm m = 2 azimuthal harmonic.

Keywords: galaxies; spiral structure - galaxies; kinematics and dynamics; hydrodynamic modes

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About the article

Received: 2017-11-20

Accepted: 2018-06-01

Published Online: 2018-10-30

Published in Print: 2018-09-01


Citation Information: Open Astronomy, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 278–289, ISSN (Online) 2543-6376, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/astro-2018-0031.

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© by Yury Torgashin and Turgunbek Omurkanov, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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