Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Technologica Agriculturae

The Scientific Journal for Agricultural Engineering The Journal of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

4 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1338-5267
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Effect Of Chitosan Application On The Performance Of Lentil Genotypes Under Rainfed Conditions

Mohsen Janmohammadi / Hamid Mostafavi / Hamid Kazemi / Gholam-Reza Mahdavinia / Naser Sabaghnia
Published Online: 2014-12-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ata-2014-0020

Abstract

In the current study, influences of chitosan solutions on morphological characteristics, growth and yield components of lentil (Lens culinaris Med.) under rainfed conditions have been investigated. A field experiment was conducted in the Northwest of Iran using a split-plot experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications. The response of twelve genotypes with different origins to chitosan application at the sowing (seed soaking), vegetative and reproductive stage (spraying chitosan onto leaves) was evaluated. Results revealed that chitosan application could significantly improve the number of pods per plant, 100-seed weight, grain yield per plant and harvest index in comparison to control plants. The comparison of yield components between chitosan treatments showed that spraying chitosan during the reproductive stage was more efficient than in other stages. However, the responses of the number of pods per plants and grain yield per plants to chitosan treatments were significantly different among the genotypes. Although the highest grain yield was recorded in the 78S 26013 genotype (from Jordan), its response to chitosan treatments was different from the other genotypes and showed the best performance in plants obtained from seed soaked in chitosan solutions. We suggest that the application of chitosan as an agronomic management strategy be further investigated for an efficient technique to induce resistance in lentil plants against biotic and drought stress in semi-arid regions.

Keywords : chitosan; foliar spray; lentil production; seed soaking; yield components

References

  • CHANDRKRACHANG, S. 2002. The applications of chitin and chitosan in agriculture in Thailand. In Advances in Chitin Science, 2002, no. 5, pp. 458-462.Google Scholar

  • DZUNG, N.A. - THANG, N.T. 2004. Effect of oligoglucosamine on the growth and development of peanut (Arachis hypogea L.). In KHOR, E. - HUTMACHER, D. - YONG, L.L. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 6th Asia- Pacific on Chitin, Chitosan Symposium Singapore.Google Scholar

  • DZUNG, N. A. 2005. Application of chitin, chitosan and their derivatives for agriculture in Vietnam. In Journal of Chitin and Chitosan Science, 2005, no. 10, pp. 109-113.Google Scholar

  • DZUNG, N. A. 2007. Chitosan and their derivatives as prospective biosubstances for developing sustainable eco-agriculture (eds.Google Scholar

  • SENEL, S. - VARUM, K. M. - SUMNU, M. M. - HINCAL, A. A.). In Advances in Chitin Science X, 2007, pp. 453-459.Google Scholar

  • DZUNG, N. A. - PHUONG KHANH, V. T. - DZUNG, T. T. 2011. Research on impact of chitosan oligomers on biophysical characteristics, growth, development and drought resistance of coffee. In Carbohydrate Polymers, 2011, no. 84, pp. 751-755.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • ERSKINE, W. - SAXENA, M.C. 1993. Problems and prospects of stress resistance breeding in lentil (eds. SINGH, K.B. - SAXENA, M.C., John Wiley and Sons). In Breeding for Stress Tolerance in Cool-Season Food Legumes, 1993, pp. 51-62.Google Scholar

  • FANG, X. - TURNER, N.C. - YAN, G. - LI, F. - SIDDIQUE, K. H. M. 2009. Flower numbers, pod production, pollen viability and pistil function are reduced and flower and pod abortion increased in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under terminal drought. In Journal of Experimental Botany, 2009, no. 61, pp. 335-45.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • FAO. 2009. FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy. Available at: http://faostat.fao.org Google Scholar

  • HADWIGER, L. A. 2013. Multiple effects of chitosan on plant systems: solid science or hype. In Plant Science, 2013, no. 208, pp. 42-49.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • HUSSAIN, M. A. - MUKHTAR, T. - IRFAN UL-HAQUE, M. - KAYANI, M. Z. 2007. Mycoflora associated with lentil (Lens esculenta Moench) seeds from five localities of Punjab, Pakistan. In Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2007, no. 39, pp. 903-906.Google Scholar

  • KASSAM, A. H. 1981. Climate, soil and land resources in the West Asia and North Africa region. In Plant and Soil, 1981, no. 58, pp. 1-28.Google Scholar

  • KIM, J. Y. - MAHE, A. - BRANGEON, J. - PRIOUL, J. L. 2000. A maize vacuolar invertase, IVR2, is induced by water stress. Organ/ tissue specificity and diurnal modulation of expression. In Plant Physiology, 2000, no. 124, pp. 71-84.Google Scholar

  • LIMPANAVECH, P. - CHAIYASUTA, S. - VONGPROMEK, R. - PICHYANGKURA, R. - KHUNWASI, C. - CHADCHAWAN, S. - LOTRAKUL, P. 2008. Chitosan effects on floral production, gene expression, and anatomical changes in the Dendrobium orchid. In Scientia Horticulturae, 2008, no. 116, pp. 65-72.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • MILLER, P. R. - GAN, Y. - MCCONKEY, B. G. - MCDONALD, C. L. 2003. Pulse crops for the northern Great Plains: I. Grain productivity and residual effects on soil water and nitrogen. In Agronomy Journal, 2003, no. 95, pp. 972-979.Google Scholar

  • REGLINSKI, T. - TAYLOR, J. T. - DICK, M. A. 2004. Chitosan induces resistance to pitch canker in Pinus radiata. In New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 2004, no. 34, pp. 49-58.Google Scholar

  • ROBSON, M. C. - FOWLER, S. M. - LAMPKIN, N. H. - LEIFERT, C. - LEITCH, M. - ROBINSON, D. - WATSON, C. A. - LITTERICK, A. M. 2002. The agronomic and economic potential of break crops for ley/ arable rotations in temperate organic agriculture. In Advances in Agronomy, 2002, no. 77, pp. 369-427.Google Scholar

  • SONG, S. Q. - SANG, Q. M. - GUO, S. R. 2006. Physiological synergisms of chitosan on salt resistance of cucumber seedlings. In Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2006, no. 26, pp. 435-441.Google Scholar

  • TURNER, N. C. - WRIGHT, G. C. - SIDDIQUE, K. H. 2001. Adaptation of grain legumes pulses to water-limited environments. In Advances in Agronomy, 2001, no. 71, pp. 194-231.Google Scholar

  • WANG, Y. - HE, H. G. - ZHOU, Y. 2006. Effect of different molecular weight chitosan on several physiological and biochemical characteristics related with plant defence reaction. In Plant Physiology, vol. 42, 2006, pp. 1109-1111.Google Scholar

  • YE, Y. P. - LOU, Y. Q. 2009. Effect of chitosan with different concentration on drought resistance of sugarcane under drought stress. In Henan Agricultural Sciences, 2009, no. 11, pp. 47-50.Google Scholar

  • ZENG, D. - LUO, S. - TU, R. 2012. Application of bioactive coating based on chitosan for soybean seed protection. In International Journal of Carbohydrate Chemistry, 2012, no. 12, pp. 1-5.Google Scholar

  • ZENTNER, R. P. - WALL, D. D. - NAGY, C. N. - SMITH, E. G. - YOUNG, D. L. - MILLER, P. R. - CAMPBELL, C. A. - MCCONKEY, B. G. - BRANDT, S. A. 2002. Economics of crop diversification and soil tillage opportunities in the Canadian Prairies. In Agronomy Journal, 2002, no. 94, pp. 216-230.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-12-20

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Technologica Agriculturae, Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 86–90, ISSN (Online) 1338-5267, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ata-2014-0020.

Export Citation

© Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in