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Acta Technologica Agriculturae

The Scientific Journal for Agricultural Engineering The Journal of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

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1338-5267
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Evaluation Of Onion Production On Sandy Soils By Use Of Reduced Tillage And Controlled Traffic Farming With Wide Span Tractors

Hans Henrik Pedersen / Claus Grøn Sørensen / Frank Willem Oudshoorn / Peder Krogsgård / Lars Juhl Munkholm
Published Online: 2015-09-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ata-2015-0015

Abstract

Growing of vegetables is often characterised by intensive field traffic and use of heavy machines. By implementing controlled traffic farming (CTF), compaction of the growth zone can be avoided. An experiment was established in an onion field on a coarse sandy loam. Treatments were applied in the field that for five years had been managed by seasonal CTF (SCTF), where harvest is performed by random traffic due to lack of suitable harvest machines. The main treatment was compaction with a fully loaded potato harvester. The split treatment in the crossed split plot design was mechanical loosening. Bulk density, macroporosity, penetration resistance, water retention characteristics and yield were measured. Mechanical loosening caused improvements in the physical soil measurements and more roots were found in the upper soil layers. The highest yield was however found in the CTF simulation plots (19% higher than in the SCTF simulated plots). Using wide span tractors as a harvest platform will enable CTF in vegetable production. Avoidance of compaction will enable reduced tillage intensity and productivity can be improved both through higher yield of the area that is cropped and by a larger percentage of fields can be cropped area as less area will be needed for tracks.

Keywords: soil compaction; conservation agriculture; vegetables; gantry tractors

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-09-19

Published in Print: 2015-09-01


Citation Information: Acta Technologica Agriculturae, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 74–82, ISSN (Online) 1338-5267, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ata-2015-0015.

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© Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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