Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic

4 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Propagation of Treculia africana as influenced by seed storage and propagation media

Efemena Dolor Dickens
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Forestry & Wildlife, Delta State University Asaba Campus, Asaba, Nigeria, Phone: +2348037579211
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-07-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ats-2013-0009


Treculia africana is an economically important but often neglected tropical fruit tree native to many tropical countries. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the seedling emergence and seedling quality of Treculia africana seeds as influenced by storage duration and propagation media. Storage duration influenced percentage seedling emergence and seedling growth. Generally, no germination was recorded in the seeds stored beyond two weeks, irrespective of the propagation media used. There was a highly significant (P < 0.01) storage duration × propagation media interaction on all parameters measured. The highest germination percentage (87.5%) was recorded by freshly collected seeds sown in both medium sand and fine sand. A consistently higher plant height, number of leaves and leaf area was recorded in fresh seeds sown in medium sand. The effect of media was not significant. The study suggests that seed storage had a deleterious effect on the germination of the species, thus implying that storing the seeds of T. africana beyond two weeks could impede viability and recommends that T. africana seeds should be sown immediately the fruits are harvested preferably in medium sand.

Keywords : Treculia africana; seed storage; seed viability; propagation media; seedling growth

  • Abirami K., Rema J., Mathew P.A., Srinivasan V., Hamza S. (2010): Effect of different propagation media on seed germination, seedling growth and vigour of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(19): 2054-2058.Google Scholar

  • Adindu M.N., Williams J.O. (2003): Effect of storage on dehydrated African Breadfruit seeds (Treculia africana Decne). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 58: 1-8.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Agbo C.U, Omaliko C.M. (2006): Initiation and growth of shoots of Gongronema latifolia Benth stem cuttings in different rooting media. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(5): 425-428.Google Scholar

  • Akubor P.I., Isolukwu P.C., Ugbabe O., Onimawo I.A. (2000): Proximate composition and functional properties of African breadfruit kernel and wheat flour blends. Food Research International 33: 707-712.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ariahu C.C., Ukpabi, U. Mbajunwa O.K. (1999): Production of African bread-fruit (Treculia africana) and soybean (Glycine max) seed based food formulations, 1: Effects of germination and fermentation on nutritional and organoleptic quality. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 54(3): 193-206.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bailly C. (2004): Active oxygen species and antioxidants in seed biology. Seed Science Research 14: 93-107.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Baiyeri K.P. (2003): Evaluation of nursery media for seedling emergence and early seedling growth of two tropical tree species. Moor Journal of Agricultural Research 4 (4): 60-65.Google Scholar

  • Baiyeri K.P. (2005): Response of Musa Species to Macro- Propagation: II: The effects of genotype, initiation and weaning media on sucker growth and quality in the nursery. African Journal of Biotechnology 4(3): 229-234.Google Scholar

  • Baiyeri K.P., Mbah B.N. (2006a): Effects of soilless and soil based nursery media on seedling emergence, growth and response to water stress of African breadfruit (TreculiaAfricana Decne). African Journal of Biotechnology 5: 1405-1410.Google Scholar

  • Baiyeri K.P., Mbah B.N. (2006b): Surface sterilization and duration of seed storage influenced emergence and seedling quality of African breadfruit (Treculia africana Decne). African Journal of Biotechnology 5 (15): 1393-1396.Google Scholar

  • Baiyeri K.P., Ndubizu T.O.C. (1994): Variability in growth and field establishment of falsehorn plantain suckers raised by six cultural methods. MusAfrica 4: 1-3.Google Scholar

  • Baskin C.C., Baskin J.M. (1998): Seeds: ecology, biogeography and evolution of dormancy and germination. San Diego, USA, Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Cernac A, Andre C., Hoffmann-Benning S., Benning C. (2006): WRI1 is required for seed germination and seedling establishment. Plant Physiology 141: 745-757.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Demir I., Samit Y. (2001): Quality of tomato seeds as affected by fruit maturity at harvest and seed extraction method. Gartenbauwissenschaft 66 (4): 199-202.Google Scholar

  • Dolor D.E., Ikie F.O., Nnaji G.U. (2009): Effect of propagation media on the rooting of leafy stem cuttings of Irvingia wombolu (Vermoesen). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 5(6): 1146-1152.Google Scholar

  • Ejidike B.N. O. Ajileye O. (2007): Nutrient Composition of African Breadfruit (Treculia africana) Seed Hull and its Use in Diets for the African Giant Land Snail, Archachatina marginata. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6 (2): 201-203.Google Scholar

  • Fasasi O.S., Eleyinmi A.F., Fasasi A.R., Karim O.R. (2003): Chemical properties of raw and processed breadfruit (Treculia africana) seed flour. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings 6: 547-551.Google Scholar

  • Genstat (2007): Genstat discovery edition 3. Lawes Agricultural Research Trust, Rothamsted Experimental Station.Google Scholar

  • Giami S.Y., Adindu M.N., Akusu M.O., Emelike J.N.T. (2000): Compositional, functional and storage properties of flours from raw and heat processed African Breadfruit (Treculia africana Decne) seeds. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 55: 357-368.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • ICRAF (2009): Agroforestry database. World Agroforestry Centre. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/index.php?theNode=Germplasm&keyattribute=Orthodox. Accessed 13/04 /2011.Google Scholar

  • Keay R.W.J. (1989): Trees of Nigeria. A revised version of Nigerian trees (Vols. 1 and 2); Keay R.W.J., Onochie C.F.A., Stanfield D.P (Eds); Clarendon Press, Oxford. 476 p.Google Scholar

  • King M.W., Roberts E.H. (1979): The storage of recalcitrant seeds: achievements and possible approaches. IBPGR Secretariat, Rome.Google Scholar

  • MacDonald B. (1986): Practical woody plant propagation for nursery growers Vol. 1. Timber Press, Portland Oregon.Google Scholar

  • Medagoda I., Weerawardana J.M.T.T. (2007): Studies on seed germinability, propagation and taxonomic features of Macadamia germplasm. Sri Lankan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 42: 105-112.Google Scholar

  • Nigeria Meteorological Center (2003): National Meteorological Report. Meteorological Bulletin. Lagos, Nigeria.Google Scholar

  • Olubosipo O., Olusola M., Lakanmi O., Okusanya O.T. (1988): Germination ecology of Treculia africana (Decne). Nigerian Journal of Botany 1: 66-72.Google Scholar

  • Onyekwelu J.C., Fayose O.J. (2007): Effect of storage methods on the germination and proximate composition of Treculia africana seeds. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development. University of Kassel-Witzenhausen and University of Göttingen, October 9-11, 2007.Google Scholar

  • Osuji J. O., Owei S.D. Jr. (2010): Mitotic index studies on Treculia africana Decne. in Nigeria. Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering 1(1): 25-28.Google Scholar

  • Sahin U., Ors S., Ercisli S., Anapali O., Esitken A. (2005): Effect of pumice amendment on physical soil properties and strawberry plant growth. Journal of Central European Agriculture 6(3): 361-366.Google Scholar

  • Schneider E.C., Gupta S.C. (1985): Corn emergence as influenced by soil temperature, matrix potential and aggregate size distribution. Soil Science Society of America Journal 49: 415-422.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schopmeyer C.S. (1974): Woody plants in The United States. US Department of Agriculture Handbook 410. Washinton DC. US Govt. Printing Office.Google Scholar

  • Sharma R.K., Sharma S., Sharma S.S. (2006): Seed germination behaviour of some medicinal plants of Lahaul and Spiti cold desert (Himachal Pradesh): implications for conservation and cultivation. Current Science 90: 1113-1117.Google Scholar

  • Sharma R.K., Sharma S., Sharma S.S. (2010): Long-term storage-dependent changes in seed physiological aspects of Hyoscyamus niger from a cold desert region of Trans- Himalaya. International Journal of Plant Biology Vol 1, No 2 (2010) http://www.pagepress.org/journals/index.php/pb/issue/view/134. Accessed 30/01/2011.Google Scholar

  • Siddique A.B., Wright D. (2003): Effects of different seed drying methods on moisture percentage and seed quality (viability and vigour) of Pea seeds (Pisum sativum L.) Pakistan Journal of Agronomy 2 (4): 201-208.Google Scholar

  • Ugese F.D. (2010): Effect of nursery media on emergence and growth of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seedlings. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 8(2): 999- 1005.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2013-07-30

Published in Print: 2013-06-01

Citation Information: Agricultura tropica et subtropica, Volume 46, Issue 2, Pages 52–57, ISSN (Online) 1801-0571, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ats-2013-0009.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in