Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Ovidius University Annals of Chemistry

Analele Universitatii "Ovidius" Constanta - Seria Chimie

2 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2286-038X
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Organochlorine contaminants (PCBs, DDTs, HCB & HBDE) in fish from the Lake Varna and Lake Beloslav, Bulgaria

Stanislava Georgieva / Mona Stancheva / Lubomir Makedonski
Published Online: 2015-06-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/auoc-2015-0001

Abstract

Concentrations of organochlorine compounds such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), DDT and its metabolites, hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and hexachlorobutadiene (HBDE) were determined in three fish species: goby (Neogobius melanostomus), golden grey mullet (Mugil auratus) and silverside (Atherina boyeri). Samples were collected from the Lake Varna and the Lake Beloslav in 2014. The edible fish tissues were analyzed in order to investigate the presence of pollutants in species from the lakes near Varna City, Bulgaria and compared the results to the levels in other aquatic ecosystems. The fifteen congeners of PCBs, HCB, HCBD, DDT and its two main metabolites DDE and DDD were determined by capillary gas chromatography system with mass spectrometry detection. The OCPs levels in the wild fish were found in the order DDTs > PCBs. The other contaminants HCB and HCBD were not detected or were below the analytical detection limit. Among the pesticides, essentially only the metabolites p, p’- DDE and p, p’- DDD were found.

The concentrations of DDTs were determined from 2.66 to 17.97 ng/g wet weight and PCBs concentrations were found from 0.43 to 8.05 ng/g ww (in goby and golden grey mullet, respectively). The sum of the six Indicator PCBs did not exceed the European maximum limit 75 ng/g wet weight. The concentrations of DDTs and PCBs were found lower compared to those in similar fish species from other aquatic ecosystems.

Keywords: PCBs; DDTs; HCB; HCBD; fish; Bulgaria

References

  • [1]. L.R. Bordajandi, I. Martin, E. Abad, J. Rivera, and M.J. Gonzalez,Chemosphere 64,1450-1457 (2006)Google Scholar

  • [2]. S. Tanabe, H. Iwate and R. Tatsukawa, Science of the Total Environment 154, 163-177(1994)Google Scholar

  • [3]. P. Langer, A. Kocan, M. Tajtakova, J. Petrik, J. Chovancova, B. Drobna, S. Jursa, M. Pavuk, J. Koska, T. Trnovec, E. Sebokova, and I. Klimes, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 45, 526- 532 (2003)Google Scholar

  • [4]. F.Verweij, K.Booij, K.Satumalay, N.van der Molen, and R.van der Oost, Chemosphere 54, 1675-89 (2004)Google Scholar

  • [5]. F.M. Jaward, N.J. Farrar, T. Harner, A.J. Sweetman, and K.C. Jones, Environmental Science & Technology 38, 34-41 (2004)CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6]. M.D. Jürgens, A.C. Johnson, K.C. Jones, D. Hughes, and A.J. Lawlor, Science of the Total Environment 461-462, 441-452 (2013)Google Scholar

  • [7]. European Commission DIRECTIVE 2013/39/EU amending Directives 2000/60/EC and 2008/105/EC as regards priority substances in the field of water policy (2013)Google Scholar

  • [8]. M. Stancheva, S. Georgieva, and L. Makedonski, Quality Assurance and Safety of Foods and Crops 5, 243 - 251 (2013)Google Scholar

  • [9]. B. Naso, D. Perrone, M.C. Ferrante, M. Bilancione, and A. Lucidano, Science of the Total Environment 343, 83-95 (2005)Google Scholar

  • [10]. M. Perugini, M. Lavaliere, A. Giammarino, P. Mazzone, V. Olivieri, and M. Amorena, Chemosphere 57, 391-400 (2004)Google Scholar

  • [11]. S. Bayarri, L.T. Baldassarri, N. Iacovella, Ferrara, and F.A. di Domenico, Chemosphere 43, 601-610 (2001)Google Scholar

  • [12]. M. Coelhan, J. Stroheimer, and H. Barlas. Environment International32, 775-780 (2006)Google Scholar

  • [13]. Ö. Erdogrul, A. Covaci, and P. Schepens, Environment International 31,703-711 (2005)Google Scholar

  • [14]. A. Boscher, S. Gobert, C. Guignard, J. Ziebel, L. L’Hoste, A.C. Gutleb, H.M. Cauchie, L. Hoffmann, and G. Schmidt, Chemosphere 78, 785-792 (2010)Google Scholar

  • [15]. European Commission, Commission Regulation No 1259, Official Journal of the European Union, L 320,18-23 (2011)Google Scholar

  • [16]. S. Voorspoels, A. Covaci, J. Maervoet, I. De Meester, and P. Schepens, Marine Pollution Bulletin 49, 393 (2004)Google Scholar

  • [17]. A. Aguilar, A. Borrella, and P.J.H. Reijnders, Marine Environmental Research 53, 425-452 (2002)Google Scholar

  • [18]. A. Covaci, A. Gheorghe, O. Hulea, and P. Schepens, Environmental Pollution 140, 136-149 (2006)Google Scholar

  • [19]. S. Georgieva, M. Stancheva, and L. Makedonski, Ovidius University Annals of Chemistry 23, 92-98(2012)Google Scholar

  • [20]. A. Olsson, M. Vitinish, M. Plikshs, and A. Bergman, The Science of the Total Environment 239, 19-30 (1999)Google Scholar

  • [21]. K. Macgregor, I.W. Oliver, L. Harris, and I.M. Ridgway, Environmental Pollution 158, 2402-11 (2010)Google Scholar

  • [22]. C. Miege, A. Peretti, P. Labadie, H. Budzinski, B. Le Bizec, K. Vorkamp, J. Tronczyński, H. Persat, M. Coquery, and M. Babut, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 404, 2721-35 (2012)Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-04-10

Revised: 2015-04-24

Accepted: 2015-04-26

Published Online: 2015-06-25

Published in Print: 2015-06-01


Citation Information: Ovidius University Annals of Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 2286-038X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/auoc-2015-0001.

Export Citation

© Ovidius University Press. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in