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Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Agriculture and Environment

The Journal of "Sapientia" Hungarian University of Transylvania

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2068-2964
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Application of molecular markers in medicinal plant studies

Alireza Pourmohammad
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Maragheh, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Maragheh, Iran
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Published Online: 2014-05-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ausae-2014-0006

Abstract

The World Health Organization has estimated that more than 80% of the world’s population in developing countries depends primarily on herbal medicine for basic healthcare needs. Approximately two thirds of the 50 000 different medicinal plant species in use are collected from the wild and only 10% of medicinal species used commercially are cultivated. DNA-based molecular markers have utility in the fields like taxonomy, physiology, embryology, genetics, etc. DNA-based techniques have been widely used for authentication of plant species of medicinal importance. The geographical conditions affect the active constituents of the medicinal plant and hence their activity profiles. Many researchers have studied geographical variation at the genetic level. Estimates of genetic diversity are also important in designing crop improvement programmes for the management of germplasm and evolving conservation strategies. The DNA-based molecular marker helps in the improvement of medicinal plant species. DNA markers are more reliable because the genetic information is unique for each species and is independent of age, physiological conditions and environmental factors.

Keywords: polymorphism; authentication; identification; genetic variation

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-05-30

Published in Print: 2013-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Agriculture and Environment , Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 80–90, ISSN (Online) 2068-2964, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ausae-2014-0006.

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© 2014. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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