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Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies

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The Deportation of Germans from Romania to the Soviet Union in 1944–1945

János Kristóf Murádin
Published Online: 2015-09-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/auseur-2015-0004


The study outlines the capturing of prisoners by the Red Army taking control over Transylvania in the fall of 1944. It presents the second wave of capturing: the deportations in January-February 1945, pronouncedly oriented toward the German community (Transylvanian Saxons and Swabians) primarily living in the Banat. There are described the circumstances of capturing the prisoners, the number of those taken away, the routes of their deportation, the locations and lengths of their captivity, the number of the victims, and the return of the survivors. Finally, the remembrance of the 1945 Soviet deportations, their present social embeddedness is expounded. The source material of the study consists of specialist books, essays, published recollections, and interviews with survivors made by the author and other researchers

Keywords: deportation; lager; captivity; prisoners; trauma; disease; hunger; homesickness; death; survivors


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-09-08

Published in Print: 2015-08-01

Citation Information: Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 41–49, ISSN (Online) 2068-7583, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/auseur-2015-0004.

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© 2015. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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