Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.716
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.784

CiteScore 2016: 0.63

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.237
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.400

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Improving Thermo-Physiological Comfort of Polyester/Cotton Knits by Caustic and Cellulases Treatments

Ahsan Nazir / Tanveer Hussain / Qummer Zia / Muhammad Ali Afzal
Published Online: 2014-09-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2014-0034


Cotton is one of the most commonly used fibres for making knitwear. Some of the limitations of pure cotton knits include their tendency to shrink, relatively limited durability, and poor wash and wear properties. In order to overcome these limitations knitwear are also produced from polyester and cotton blends, however, at the cost of reduction in comfort properties. The objective of this study was to improve the thermo-physiological comfort properties of knits made from polyester/cotton (P/C) blends through simple chemical and biological treatments. The specimens of P/C knits were subjected to treatments with caustic soda solutions and the cellulase enzymes. It was found that the air permeability and perspiration management properties of P/C knits can be significantly improved by appropriate caustic treatment. However, the biological treatment with cellulase enzymes is comparatively less effective in making any improvement in the thermo-physiological comfort properties of P/C knits.

Keywords: Comfort Moisture management Cotton/polyester


  • [1] Slater, K. (1985). Human Comfort. C. C. Thomas.Google Scholar

  • [2] Nida, O. and Arzu, M. (2007). Thermal comfort properties of some knitted structures. Fibres and textiles in Eastern Europe, 15(5),Google Scholar

  • [3] Ciesielska, I., Mokwiński, M., and Orłowska-Majdak, M. (2009). Influence of different kind of clothing material on selected cardiovascular, respiratory and psychomotor parameters during moderate physical exercise. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 22(3), 215-226.Web of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Das, A., Alagirusamy, R., and Kumar, P. (2011). Study of heat transfer through multilayer clothing assemblies: a theoretical prediction. AUTEX Research Journal, 11, 5460.Google Scholar

  • [5] Yoon, H. and Buckley, A. (1984). Improved Comfort Polyester Part I: Transport Properties and Thermal Comfort of Polyester/Cotton Blend Fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 54(5), 289-298.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Onofrei, E., Rocha, A. M., and Catarino, A. (2011). The influence of knitted fabrics’ structure on the thermal and moisture management properties. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 6(4), 10-22.Google Scholar

  • [7] Yoon, H., Sawyer, L., and Buckley, A. (1984). Improved comfort polyester Part II: Mechanical and surface properties. Textile Research Journal, 54(6), 357-365.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Bivainyte, A., Mikucioniene, D., and Kerpauskas, P. (2012). Investigation on Thermal Properties of Double-Layered Weft Knitted Fabrics. Materials Science, 18(2), 167-171.Google Scholar

  • [9] Su, C.-I., Fang, J.-X., Chen, X.-H., and Wu, W.-Y. (2007). Moisture absorption and release of profiled polyester and cotton composite knitted fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 77(10), 764-769.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Vigneswaran, C. and Anbumani, N. (2011). Partial alkaline hydrolysis treatment on the physical characteristics of polyester rotor spun yarns. The Journal of The Textile Institute, 102(2), 140-149.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] Sanders, E. M. and Zeronian, S. H. (1982). An analysis of the moistureUrelated properties of hydrolyzed polyester. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 27(11), 4477-4491.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Needles, H. L. (1985). How Alkali treatments Affect Selected properties of Polyester, Cotton and Polyester Cotton Fabrics. Textile Chemist and Colorist, 17(9), 177-180.Google Scholar

  • [13] Nayaka, R., Punj, S., Chatterjee, K., and Behera, B. (2009). Comfort properties of suiting fabrics. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 34, 122-128.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Srinivasan, J., Ramakrishnan, G., Mukhopadhyay, S., and Manoharan, S. (2007). A study of knitted fabrics from polyester microdenier fibres. Journal of the Textile Institute, 98(1), 31-35.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Kim, S. H., Lee, J. H., Lim, D. Y., and Jeon, H. Y. (2003). Dependence of sorption properties of fibrous assemblies on their fabrication and material characteristics. Textile Research Journal, 73(5), 455-460.Google Scholar

  • [16] Li, Y. and Hardin, I. R. (1998). Treating cotton with cellulases and pectinases: effects on cuticle and fiber properties. Textile Research Journal, 68(9), 671-679.Google Scholar

  • [17] Zhong, W., Ding, X., and Tang, Z. (2001). Modeling and analyzing liquid wetting in fibrous assemblies. Textile Research Journal, 71(9), 762-766.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] Lee, I., Evans, B. R., and Woodward, J. (2000). The mechanism of cellulase action on cotton fibers: evidence from atomic force microscopy. Ultramicroscopy, 82(1), 213221.Google Scholar

  • [19] Das, B., Das, A., Kothari, V., Fanguiero, R., and Araujo, M. D. (2009). Moisture flow through blended fabrics-Effect of hydrophilicity. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 4(4), 20-27.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-09-30

Citation Information: Autex Research Journal, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 200–204, ISSN (Online) 2300-0929, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2014-0034.

Export Citation

© 2014 Autex Research Journal. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in