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Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

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Properties Of Viscose Vortex Yarns Depending On Technological Parameters Of Spinning

Eva Moučková / Iva Mertová
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Textile Technologies
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/ Petra Jirásková
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Textile Technologies
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/ Gabriela Krupincová
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Textile Technologies
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/ Dana Křemenáková
  • Department of Material Engineering, Studentská 2, 461 17 Liberec 1, The Czech Republic, Telephone: +420 48 535 3274; Fax: +420 48 535 3542
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Published Online: 2015-06-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2014-0046

Abstract

This paper analyzes the relationship between technological parameters of spinning of 100% CV Vortex yarns of different counts and its selected geometrical parameters (a lead of helix of wrapping fibre ribbon, yarn diameter) as well as yarn properties. The number of twist of wrapping fibre layer is determined. The effect of the yarn delivery speed, hollow spindle diameter, and the main draft on the hairiness, mass irregularity, tenacity, elongation, resistance to abrasion and bending rigidity of Vortex yarn is observed. The yarn properties are compared with the properties of open-end rotor spun yarns. Slivers of the same spinning lot were used for the production of both kinds of yarn. The results showed that the delivery speed in combination with spindle diameter affects yarn diameter, hairiness and abrasion resistance. Mass irregularity and imperfections of yarn is mainly affected by the main draft of drafting unit. Technological parameters of spinning do not affect the level of bending rigidity of the Vortex yarn. Tested rotor spun yarns had a larger diameter, higher hairiness, lower tenacity and higher elongation, lower mass irregularity and number of imperfections, higher abrasion resistance and lower bending rigidity compared to tested Vortex spun yarns.

Keywords: Vortex spun yarn; rotor spun yarn; viscose fibres; yarn properties

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-06-26

Published in Print: 2015-06-01


Citation Information: Autex Research Journal, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 138–147, ISSN (Online) 2300-0929, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2014-0046.

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© Autex Research Journal. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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