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Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

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Dye Removal From Textile Waste Water Through The Adsorption By Pumice Used In Stone Washing

Aysegül Ekmekçi Körlü
  • Corresponding author
  • Ege University Engineering Faculty, Textile Engineering Department, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey, Tel:+90 232 311 27 55, Fax:+90 232 339 92 22
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Saadet Yapar
  • Ege University Engineering Faculty, Chemical Engineering Department, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey, Tel:+90 232 311 24 59, Fax:+90 232 388 77 76
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Seher Perinçek
  • Ege University, Emel Akın Vocational Training School, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey, Tel:+90 232 311 16 08, Fax:+90 232 342 60 53
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/ Hatice Yılmaz
  • Dokuz Eylül University, Engineering Faculty, Mining Engineering Department, Buca, İzmir, 35160, Turkey, Tel:+90 232 301 75 47, Fax:+90 232 453 08 68
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Cem Bağıran
  • Ege University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey, Tel:+90 543 620 19 37, Fax:+90 256 521 12 70
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Published Online: 2015-09-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aut-2015-0012

Abstract

Because the waste production is inevitable in almost all industries, the elimination of these wastes is a requirement in terms of environmental regulations and welfare of all the creatures in the future. In this study, the use of the waste pumice stones of a denim washing mill is intended to eliminate the pollutant by a waste material and obtain economic benefits by converting it to the adsorbent. The pollutants in the effluents obtained from three different localisations of waste water treatment system of the same factory were removed through the adsorption. The experimental studies were carried out in three different steps; characterisation of adsorbent before and after adsorption; adsorption isotherm studies and biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD) measurements. Characterisation studies showed that the waste pumice has almost the same structural properties with unused one except the existence of some organic residues coming from washing process. The results of adsorption studies conducted at the adsorbent concentrations changing from 5 to 35 g/l revealed that the decolourisation was initial dye-concentration dependent. According to the BOD and COD measurements, the supernatants obtained at the end of adsorption could be assumed as somewhat polluted and this result indicates that the organic impurities other than indigo were also removed through the adsorption.

Keywords: Denim; stone washing; indigo as adsorbate; pumice stone; adsorption; waste water; waste water treatment

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-09-23

Published in Print: 2015-09-01


Citation Information: Autex Research Journal, Volume 15, Issue 3, Pages 158–163, ISSN (Online) 2300-0929, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aut-2015-0012.

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