Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.716
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.784

CiteScore 2016: 0.63

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.237
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.400

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-0929
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The Manufacturing of Textile Products with Incorporated Electrodes

Antonela Curteza
  • Faculty of Textiles-Leather and Industrial Management, Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” of Iasi, Dimitrie Mangeron Bvl., No.67, 700050, Iasi, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Viorica Cretu
  • Faculty of Textiles-Leather and Industrial Management, Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” of Iasi, Dimitrie Mangeron Bvl., No.67, 700050, Iasi, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Laura Macovei
  • Faculty of Textiles-Leather and Industrial Management, Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” of Iasi, Dimitrie Mangeron Bvl., No.67, 700050, Iasi, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marian Poboroniuc
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Energetic and Applied Informatics, Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” of Iasi, Dimitrie Mangeron Bvl., No.67, 700050, Iasi, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-04-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aut-2015-0049

Abstract

One of the main causes of disabling deficits is neurological affections. Many times, the evolution of the condition leads to a diminution of the patient’s life quality. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is part of the neurological rehabilitation process that comprises all the actions one can take in order to increase a patient’s integration and autonomy degree from a social and financial point of view. FES is a method based on substituting the commands that are usually transmitted by the nervous system with an electric impulse. The use of such a method on different body areas required the development of some adequate devices, starting with the stimulator itself and finishing with the way in which the stimulus is conveyed to the effectors. Textile materials that incorporate sensors and, mainly, the clothing products that have such components in their structure, have a high applicability potential; they can be used for preventing illnesses and for the rehabilitation of seniors, of people who are confined to bed, sportsmen, people who suffer from long-term illnesses, disabled people, thus diminishing the time one spends in the hospital. A possible solution for manufacturing incorporated textile electrodes consists in the insertion of some electro-conductive yarns onto textile surfaces by using a variety of technologies. The project approaches the use of knitting, a widespread textile technology. The incorporated knitted electrodes were accomplished by applying the knitting technology on single circular small diameter machines. Thus, we were able to obtain a variety of knitted articles as two-dimensional or three-dimensional tubular knitted fabric. Their dimensions, structures, and parameters correspond to the typo-dimensions of the human body and to the purpose for which the clothing product was designed. The knitted versions were tested by using a Microstim2v2 (PW = 300 μs, 40 Hz) neurostimulator for which the current intensity was adjusted to approx. 30 mA.

Keywords: Textile electrodes; electro-conductive textiles; functional electrical stimulation; rehabilitation; conductive knitted fabric; wearable electronics

References

  • [1] Burridge, J., Taylor, P., Hagan, S., Swain, I., (1997). Experience of clinical use of the Odstock dropped foot stimulator, Artif. Organs, vol. 21, 254-260.Google Scholar

  • [2] Cirstea, M.C., Ptito, A., Levin, M.F., (2003). Arm reaching improvements with short-term practice depend on the severity of the motor deficit in stroke, Experimental Brain Research, vol. 152, 476-488.Google Scholar

  • [3] Curteza, A., Cretu, V., Macovei, L., Poboroniuc, M., (2014). Designing functional clothes for persons with locomotor disabilities, AUTEX Research Journal, vol. 14(4), 281-289.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Falk, R. H., Zoll, P. M., Zoll, R. H., (1983). Safety and efficacy of noninvasive cardiac pacing. A preliminary report, N Engl J Med, vol. 309, 1166-1168.Google Scholar

  • [5] Frydrysiak, M., Zieba, J., Tesiorowski, L., Tokarska, M., (2012). Textronic system to muscle electrostimulation, Int. Scholarly and Scientific R&I vol. 6(11), 1311-1317.Google Scholar

  • [6] Ijezerman, M. J., et al. (1996). The NESS Handmaster orthosis: restoration of hand function in C5 and stroke patients by means of electrical stimulation, in ‘t Groen, M. A. P. Klatte, G. J. Snoeck, J. H. C. Vorsteveld, R. H. Nathan, and H. J. Hermens, , J Rehab Sci, vol. 9, 86 - 89.Google Scholar

  • [7] Keller T., Kuhn, A., (2008). Electrodes for transcutaneous (surface) electrical stimulation, Journal of Automatic Control, vol. 18(2), 35-45.Google Scholar

  • [8] Keller, T., Kuhn, A., (2008). Electrodes for transcutaneous (surface) electrical stimulation, Journal of Automatic Control, University of Belgrade, Vol. 18(2), 35-45.Google Scholar

  • [9] Keller, T., Lawrence, M., Kuhn, A., Morari, M., (2006). New multi-channel transcutaneous electrical stimulation technology for rehabilitation, Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, vol. 1, 194-197.Google Scholar

  • [10] Li, L., Au, W.M., Wan, K.M., Wan, S.H., Chung, W.Y., Wong, K.S., (2010). A resistive network model for conductive knitting stitches, Textile Research Journal, vol. 80, 935-947.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [11] Popescu, N., Popescu, D., Ivanescu, M., Vladu, C., Vladu, I, (2013). Force observer-based control for a rehabilitation hand exoskeleton system, Proc. of 9th Asian Control Conf. (ASCC), 1-6.Google Scholar

  • [12] Serea, F., Poboroniuc, M.S., Irimia, D.C., Hartopanu, S., Olaru, R, (2013). Preliminary Results on a Hybrid FES-Exoskeleton System Aiming To Rehabilitate Upper Limb in Disabled People, Proc. of 17th Int. Conf. on Sys. Theory, Control and Comp. ICSTCC2013, 722-727.Google Scholar

  • [13] Zieba, J., Frydrysiak, M., Tokarska, M., (2011). Research of textile electrodes for electrotheraphy, Journal Fibres&Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 19:5(88), 70-74.Google Scholar

  • [14] http://www.wcbl.com/productspotlight/electricalstimulation-orthotics/;Google Scholar

  • [15] http://www.wcbl.com/product-spotlight/electricalstimulation-orthotics/Google Scholar

  • [16] http://www.wcbl.com/product-spotlight/electricalstimulation-orthotics/Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-04-14

Published in Print: 2016-03-01


Citation Information: Autex Research Journal, ISSN (Online) 2300-0929, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aut-2015-0049.

Export Citation

© 2016 Autex Research Journal. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in