Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.716
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.784

CiteScore 2016: 0.63

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.237
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.400

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Use of Taguchi Method and Grey Relational Analysis to Optimize Multiple Yarn Characteristics in Open-End Rotor Spinning

Tanveer Hussain / Farooq Ahmed Arain
  • Department of Textile Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zulfiqar Ali Malik
Published Online: 2017-03-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aut-2015-0046


Rotor speed and twist per metres (tpm) are two key parameters in open-end rotor spinning of cotton yarns. High spinning productivity can be obtained by keeping the rotor speed high and twist level as low as possible. However, too high rotor speed may result in yarn imperfections and too low twist level may result in lower tenacity yarns. This study aimed at optimising the multiple yarn characteristics in open-end rotor spinning using the Taguchi method and the grey relational analysis. Cotton yarn samples of 30 tex were produced on rotor spinning machine with different twist levels (i.e. 500, 550, 600 and 700 tpm) at different rotor speeds (i.e. 70,000, 80,000, 90,000 and 100,000 rpm) according to the Taguchi design of experiment. Optimal spinning process parameters were determined using the grey relational grade as the performance index. It was concluded that for the cotton fibres and yarn count used in this study, optimum properties of the yarns could be obtained at 90,000 rpm rotor speed and 700 tpm.

Keywords: Rotor yarn; open-end spinning; Taguchi’s method; grey relational analysis and optimisation


  • [1] Padamanabhan, A.R.: A Comparative Study of the Properties of Cotton Yarns Spun on the DREF-3 and Ring- and Rotor-spinning Systems, Journal of Textile Institute, Vol. 80, No. 4, p. 555-562, 1989.Google Scholar

  • [2] Ozipek, B.: International Textile Workshop, December 2003, Textile Engineering Department, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul-Turkey.Google Scholar

  • [3] Jackowski, T.; Chylewska, B.; and Cyniak, D.: Influence of spinning process parameters on strength characteristics of cotton yarn, Fibers & Textiles in Eastern Europe, V. p.27-31, July/September 2002.Google Scholar

  • [4] Lord, P. R.; and Grady, P. L.: The Twist Structure of Open-end Yarns, Textile Research Journal, V. p. 123, 1976.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Lawrence, C. A.; and Finikopulos, E.: Factor Effecting Changes in the Structure and Properties of Open-end Rotor Yarns, Indian Journal of Fibres &Textile Research, V.17, p. 201 - 208, Dec., 1992.Google Scholar

  • [6] Lord, P.R.; Muhammad, M. H.; and Ajgaonkar.: The performance of Open –End, Twist less, and ring Yarns in Weft knitted fabrics, Textile Research Journal, V.44, p.405-414, 1974.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Candan, C.; Nergis, U. B.; and Iridag, Y.: Performance of Open-End spun yarns in weft knitted fabrics, Textile Research Journal, V. 70, p. 177-181, 2000.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Koc, E.; Carl, A. L.; and Cherian, I.: Wrapper fibers in Open-end rotor spun yarns: Yarn Properties and Wrapper Fibers, Fibers& Textiles in Eastern Europe, V. 13, No. 2(50), p. 8-15, April/June 2005.Google Scholar

  • [9] Haung X.; and Zhu R.: Tensile behavior of rotor spun yarn, Journal of China Textile University (Eng-Ed), V. 7, No.1, p.13-22, 1990.Google Scholar

  • [10] Gnanasekar, K.; Chellamani, P.; and Karthikeyan. S.: Influence of rotor speed in open–end spinning on yarn quality, Indian Journal of Fiber & Textile Research, V. 15, p. 164-168, December 1990.Google Scholar

  • [11] Salhotra, R. K.; and Balasubramanian, P.: An approach to the optimization of Rotor-Spinning machine parameters, Journal of Textile Institute, V. 77, No.2, p.128-138, 1986.Google Scholar

  • [12] Tao, X. M.; Lo W. K.; and Lau, Y. M.: Torque - balanced singles knitting yarns by unconventional systems. Part I: Cotton rotor spun yarn, Textile Research Journal, V. 67, p. 739–746, 1997.Google Scholar

  • [13] Sherma, I. C.; Gupta, N. K.; Agrawal, B. R.; and Ataik, N. R.: Effect of twist factor and stitch length of open-end spun cotton yarn on properties of rib knitted fabric, Textile Research Journal, V.55, p. 73-81, 1987.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Xu, D.: Research on Improving the Quality of Rotor Spinning Yarn”, Progress in Text Science & Technology, V. p. 6-13, 2010.Google Scholar

  • [15] Kumar, A. Ishtiaque, S. M. and Salhotra, K. R.: Analysis of spinning process using the Taguchi method. Part IV: Effect of spinning process variables on tensile properties of ring, rotor and air-jet yarns, Journal of Textile Institute., V. 97, p. 38, 2006Google Scholar

  • [16] Kumar, A. Ishtiaque, S. M. and Salhotra, K. R.: Analysis of spinning process using the Taguchi method. Part III: Effect of spinning process variables on migration parameters of ring, rotor and air-jet yarn, Journal of Textile Institute, V. 97, p. 377, 2006.Google Scholar

  • [17] Su, T. L. Chen, H. W. Ma, C. M and Lu, C. F.: Improving the Quality of Combed Yarn Spun by OE Rotor Spinning Using the Grey-Taguchi Method, Fibers & Textiles in Eastern Europe., V. 19, P. 23, (2011).Google Scholar

  • [18] H. Hasani, S. A. Tabatabaei, and G. Amiri.: Grey Relational Analysis to Determine the Optimum Process Parameters for Open-End Spinning Yarns, J. Eng. Fibers and Fabrics, V. 7, P. 81, (2012).Google Scholar

  • [19] J. Deng.: Introduction to Grey System Theory, J. Grey System, V. 1, P. 1, (1989).Google Scholar

  • [20] S. Liu.: The Current Developing Status on Grey System Theory, J. Grey System, V. 2, P. 111, (2007).Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-03-09

Published in Print: 2017-03-01

Citation Information: Autex Research Journal, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 67–72, ISSN (Online) 2300-0929, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aut-2015-0046.

Export Citation

© 2017 Autex Research Journal. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Muhammad Kashif, Syed Talha Ali Hamdani, Yasir Nawab, Muhammad Ayub Asghar, Muhammad Umair, and Khubab Shaker
Journal of Industrial Textiles, 2018, Page 152808371876080
Md. Pervez, Faizan Shafiq, Zahid Sarwar, Muhammad Jilani, and Yingjie Cai
Materials, 2018, Volume 11, Number 3, Page 426

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in