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Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

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2300-0929
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The Removal of Reactive Red 141 from Wastewater: A Study of Dye Adsorption Capability of Water-Stable Electrospun Polyvinyl Alcohol Nanofibers

Çigdem Akduman
  • Denizli Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Department of Textile Technology, Pamukkale University, 20100 Denizli, Turkey
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Seniha Morsümbül
  • Faculty of Engineering, Department of Textile Engineering, Ege University, 35100 Izmir, Turkey
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Emriye Perrin Akçakoca Kumbasar
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Engineering, Department of Textile Engineering, Ege University, 35100 Izmir, Turkey
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-11-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2019-0040

Abstract

The dye production and its use in textile and related industries resulted in discharge of dye to wastewater. Adsorption for color removal is known as equilibrium separation process, and the resultant decolorization is influenced by physicochemical factors such as adsorbent surface area. The nanofiber membranes prepared by the electrospinning method have controllable nanofiber diameter and pore size distribution (PSD) with a high surface area to volume or mass ratio. In this study, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibrous membranes were prepared by the electrospinning method at different collection times such as 3, 5 and 10 h and heat fixated at 130, 150 and 170°C for 10 min, and then, the adsorption capability of PVA nanofiber membranes for Reactive Red 141 from aqueous solution was investigated. In order to make PVA nanofibers stable to water, the nanofibrous membranes were chemically cross-linked by a polycarboxylic acid (1,2,3,4 butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA)). PVA nanofibrous membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, swelling tests and pore size analysis. The results indicated that BTCA crosslinking improved the thermal and water stability of the nanofibrous structure but has no significant effect on the pore sizes of the membranes. Adsorption of Reactive Red 141 was studied by the batch technique, and it was observed that PVA nanofibers removed approximately >80% of the dye.

Keywords: Reactive dye; textile wastewater; decolorization; electrospinning; pore size

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About the article

Published Online: 2019-11-15


Citation Information: Autex Research Journal, ISSN (Online) 2300-0929, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2019-0040.

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© 2019 Çigdem Akduman et al., published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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