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Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

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2300-0929
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Hydrophilization of Polyester Textiles by Nonthermal Plasma

Musaddaq Azeem
  • Corresponding author
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Material Engineering, Studentská 1402/2, 461 17, Liberec 1, Czech Republic
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Asif Javed
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Material Engineering, Studentská 1402/2, 461 17, Liberec 1, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Hideaki Morikawa
  • Faculty of Textile Science and Technology, Shinshu University, 3-15-1 Tokida, Ueda City, Nagano 386-856, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Muhammad Tayyab Noman
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Material Engineering, Studentská 1402/2, 461 17, Liberec 1, Czech Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Muhammad Qamar Khan
  • Faculty of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University Karachi campus, 2/1 Sector 30 Karachi, Sindh 74900, Pakistan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Muhammad Shahid
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Material Engineering, Studentská 1402/2, 461 17, Liberec 1, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jakub Wiener
  • Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Material Engineering, Studentská 1402/2, 461 17, Liberec 1, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-11-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2019-0059

Abstract

Polyester is a popular class of material used in material engineering. With its 0.4% moisture regain, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is classified as highly hydrophobic, which originates from its lack of polar groups on its backbone. This study used a parallel-plate nonthermal plasma dielectric barrier discharge system operating at medium pressure in dry air and nitrogen (N2) to alter the surface properties of PET fabrics to increase their hydrophilic capabilities. Water contact angle, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were utilized to analyze any effect from the plasma treatment. The wettability analysis revealed a reduction in the contact angle of more than 80% within 5 min for both discharges. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed no microscopic damage to the fiber structure, guaranteeing that the fabrics’ structural integrity was preserved after treatment. AFM analysis showed an increase in the nanometer roughness, which was considered beneficial because it increased the total surface area, further increasing the hydrophilic capacity. XPS analysis revealed a sharp increase in the presence of polar functional groups, indicating that the induced surface changes are mostly chemical in nature. Comparing that of untreated fabrics to treated fabrics, a Increase in water absorption capacity was observed for air-treated and N2-treated fabrics, when these fabrics were used immediately after plasma exposure.

Keywords: DBD; medium plasma treatments; AFM; PET; hydrophilicity; XPS; wettability

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About the article

Published Online: 2019-11-07


Citation Information: Autex Research Journal, ISSN (Online) 2300-0929, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aut-2019-0059.

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© 2019 Autex Research Journal. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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