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at - Automatisierungstechnik

Methoden und Anwendungen der Steuerungs-, Regelungs- und Informationstechnik

[AT - Automation Technology: Methods and Applications of Control, Regulation, and Information Technology
]

Editor-in-Chief: Jumar, Ulrich

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Volume 66, Issue 11

Issues

Multi-objective distance minimization problems – applications in technical systems

Multikriterielle Distanzminimierungsprobleme – Anwendungen in technischen Systemen

Sanaz Mostaghim / Christoph Steup / Heiner Zille
Published Online: 2018-11-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/auto-2018-0054

Abstract

This article describes the Distance Minimisation Problem (DMP) from a metaheuristic optimisation point of view. The problem is motivated by real applications and can be used to test the performance of optimisation methods like Evolutionary Algorithms. After formally describing the problem and its extensions using different metrics or dynamics, we perform experiments with well-known metaheuristic methods to demonstrate the performance on various DMP instances. The results show that modern algorithms like NSGA-II and SMPSO can struggle with this kind of problem under certain conditions, especially when Manhattan distances are used. On the other hand, specialised methods like GRA lack diversity of solutions in some cases. This indicates that even modern and powerful metaheuristic algorithms need to be chosen with care and with the respective optimisation task in mind.

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Artikel beschreibt das Distanzminimierungsproblem (DMP) aus der Perspektive der metaheuristischen Optimierung. Das Problem ist von realen Anwendungen inspiriert und kann genutzt werden um die Leistung von Optimierungsmethoden wie Evolutionären Algorithmen zu untersuchen. Nach einer formalen Beschreibung des Problems und der möglichen Erweiterungen mit verschiedenen Metriken oder Dynamiken führen wir Experimente mit bekannten Metaheuristiken durch, um die Performanz auf verschiedenen DMP Instanzen zu untersuchen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass selbst moderne Algorithmen wie NSGA-II und SMPSO unter bestimmten Bedingungen Schwierigkeiten mit dieser Art von Problem haben, insbesondere wenn die Manhattan Metrik benutzt wird. Auf der anderen Seite erreichen spezialisierte Methoden wie der GRA in einigen Fällen nur eine geringe Diversität der Lösungen. Dies zeigt dass bei der Auswahl selbst moderner und etablierter metaheuristischer Algorithmen das zugrundeliegende Problem berücksichtigt werden sollte.

Keywords: multi-objective optimization; evolutionary algorithms; distance minimization problem; industry 4.0

Schlagwörter: multikriterielle Optimierung, evolutionäre Algorithmen, Distanzminimierungsproblem, Industrie 4.0

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About the article

Sanaz Mostaghim

Sanaz Mostaghim is a full professor of computer science at the Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany. She holds a PhD degree in electrical engineering and computer science from the University of Paderborn, Germany. She worked as a postdoctoral fellow at ETH Zurich in Switzerland and as a lecturer at Karlsruhe Institute of technology (KIT), Germany. Her research interests are in the area of evolutionary multi-objective optimisation, swarm intelligence, and their applications in robotics, science and industry. She serves as an associate editor for IEEE Trans. on Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Trans. on Cybernetics, IEEE Trans. on System, Man and Cybernetics: Systems and IEEE Trans. on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence.

Christoph Steup

Christoph Steup is a Post-Doc and project manager at the Otto-von- Guericke University in Magdeburg. He studied computer science with an emphasis on electrical engineering in Magdeburg and at the KTH in Sweden. After receiving his diploma, he started working on wireless sensor networks and distributed robotics in 2011 and published papers in the field of distributed sensing, time synchronization in WSN and efficient programming of embedded devices. Apart from his research, he supervises student teams entering competitions in the RoboCup and the Carolo Cup. He finished is PhD in 2018 and is now handling the theoretical and practical swarm robotics research in the “SwarmLab” of the Otto-von-Guericke University. In the lab he works on locomotion, self-organization, distributed sensing and distributed behaviour of swarms of air and ground robots.

Heiner Zille

Heiner Zille studied Information Engineering and Management at the Karlruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany and the Doshisha University, Japan. He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in 2011 and 2014 respectively. Currently, he is working as a research assistant and pursuing his PhD degree in the areas of evolutionary computation and swarm intelligence. From August 2015 to July 2016, he worked as a guest PhD student at Osaka Prefecture University in Sakai, Japan. His research focuses on multi-objective optimisation, in particular on problems with large numbers of decision variables.


Received: 2018-04-28

Accepted: 2018-07-31

Published Online: 2018-11-08

Published in Print: 2018-11-27


Citation Information: at - Automatisierungstechnik, Volume 66, Issue 11, Pages 964–974, ISSN (Online) 2196-677X, ISSN (Print) 0178-2312, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/auto-2018-0054.

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