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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.014
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.162

CiteScore 2018: 3.09

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.482
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.820

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Volume 381, Issue 9-10


Histone Deacetylase Activity Is Required for the Induction of the MyoD Muscle Cell Lineage in Xenopus

Oliver C. Steinbach / Alan P. Wolffe / Ralph A.W. Rupp
Published Online: 2005-07-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2000.124


Acetylation of nucleosome core histones, which is positively correlated with transcriptional activity, is developmentally regulated in Xenopus. Here we have used the specific histone deacetylase (HDAC)-inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) to induce precocious histone hyperacetylation in the early frog embryo in order to investigate the potential role of the endogenous changes in chromatin acetylation for the temporally programmed induction of skeletal myogenesis. We show that TSA-treatment (i) selectively blocked the transcriptional induction of the myoD gene, and (ii) severely reduced subsequent muscle differentiation. Both phenotypes required TSA application before gastrulation. This indicates that HDAC activity is required early for the formation of the frog embryonic musculature, apparently for the induction of the MyoD-dependent muscle cell lineage.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-07-05

Published in Print: 2000-09-13

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 381, Issue 9-10, Pages 1013–1016, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2000.124.

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