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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.014
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.162

CiteScore 2018: 3.09

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.482
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.820

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Volume 382, Issue 4


Structure and Evolution of 4-Coumarate:Coenzyme A Ligase (4CL) Gene Families

Daniela Cukovica / Jürgen Ehlting / Jessica A. Van Ziffle / Carl J. Douglas
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2001.076


The phenylpropanoid enzyme 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase (4CL) plays a key role in general phenylpropanoid metabolism. 4CL is related to a larger class of prokaryotic and eukaryotic adenylateforming enzymes and shares several conserved peptide motifs with these enzymes. In order to better characterize the nature of 4CL gene families in poplar, parsley, and tobacco, we used degenerate primers to amplify 4CL sequences from these species. In each species additional, divergent 4CL genes were found. Complete cDNA clones for the two new poplar 4CL genes were obtained, allowing examination of their expression patterns and determination of the substrate utilization profile of a xylemspecific isoform. Phylogenetic analysis of these genes and gene fragments confirmed previous results showing that 4CL proteins fall into two evolutionarily ancient subgroups . A comparative phylogenetic analysis of enzymes in the adenylate forming superfamily showed that 4CLs, luciferases, and acetate CoA ligases each form distinct clades within the superfamily. According to this analysis, four Arabidopsis 4CLlike genes identified from the Arabidopsis Genome Project are only distantly related to bona fide 4CLs or are more closely related to fatty acid CoA ligases, suggesting that the three Arabidopsis 4CL genes previously characterized represent the extent of the 4CL gene family in this species.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2001-04-27

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 382, Issue 4, Pages 645–654, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2001.076.

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