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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.014
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.162

CiteScore 2018: 3.09

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.482
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.820

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Volume 383, Issue 1


Platelet Activating Factor Inhibits the Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases and Affects Invasiveness and Differentiation in a System of Human Neuroblastoma Clones

Emanuela Barletta / Gabriele Mugnai / Salvatore Ruggieri
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2002.019


Platelet Activating Factor (PAF), an inflammatory bioactive lipid, has been shown to be involved in the regulation of the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). In view of the role played by MMPs in tumor cell invasiveness, we investigated whether PAF influences MMP activity in a system of neuroblastoma clones, the AA5 and AE12 cells, isolated from the human LaN1 neuroblastoma cell line. These clones were characterized by an inverse relationship between invasiveness and differentiative capacity and by the expression of specific cell surface PAF receptors. We found that the levels of mRNAs specific for MMP-2 and for MT1-MMP, the MMP-2 activator, were reduced in both clones treated with 300 nM PAF. These changes are consistent with the reduced secretion and activation of MMP-2 found in the neuroblastoma clones exposed to PAF. These effects were accompanied by an inhibition of invasiveness through Matrigel and by a promotion of differentiation, as revealed by an increased percentage of cells with neurites. The finding that both neuroblastoma clones exposed to the metalloproteinase inhibitors, BB3103 and 1,10-phenanthroline, increased their differentiative capacity and reduced their invasiveness through Matrigel, represents a further indication that PAF modulates differentiation and invasiveness by affecting the activity of MMPs.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2002-01-23

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 383, Issue 1, Pages 189–197, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2002.019.

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