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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.014
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.162

CiteScore 2018: 3.09

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.482
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.820

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1437-4315
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Volume 383, Issue 3-4

Issues

Redox Regulation of Stress Signals: Possible Roles of Dendritic Stellate TRX Producer Cells (DST Cell Types)

J. Yodoi / H. Nakamura / H. Masutani
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2002.060

Abstract

Thioredoxin (TRX) is a 12 kDa protein with redoxactive dithiol (CysGlyProCys) in the active site. TRX is induced by a variety of stresses including viral infection and inflammation. The promoter sequences of the TRX gene contain a series of stressresponsive elements including ORE, ARE, XRE, CRE and SP-1. TRX promotes DNA binding of transcription factors such as NFκB, AP-1 and p53. TRX interacts with target proteins modulating the activity of those proteins. We have identified TRX binding protein-2 (TBP-2), which was identical to vitamin D3 upregulated protein 1 (VDUP1). Potential action of TBP-2/VDUP1 as a redoxsensitive tumor suppressor will be discussed. There is accumulating evidence for the involvement of TRX in the protection against infectious and inflammatory disorders. We will discuss the role of TRXdependent redox regulation of the host defense mechanism, in particular its relation to the emerging concept of constitutive and/or inducible TRX on special cell types with dendritic and stellate morphology in the immune, endocrine and nervous systems, which we provisionally designate as dendritic stellate TRX producer cells (DST cell types).

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2002-04-12


Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 383, Issue 3-4, Pages 585–590, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2002.060.

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