Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board Member: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 1.607
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.751
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 2.609

249,00 € / $374.00 / £187.00*

See all formats and pricing



Select Volume and Issue


30,00 € / $42.00 / £23.00

Get Access to Full Text

Relevance of the kinetic equilibrium of forces to the control of the cell cycle by Ras proteins

E. W. Becker

Citation Information: Biological Chemistry. Volume 385, Issue 1, Pages 41–47, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: 10.1515/BC.2004.006, June 2005

Publication History

Published Online:


In higher organisms, the replacement of GDP bound to Ras proteins with GTP, under the participation of an exchange factor, is an important step in the initiation of cell division. Ras-GTP activates kinases and other effectors, which pass signals to the cell nucleus and to the cytoskeleton. The active state of Ras is terminated by hydrolysis of the bound GTP with the assistance of an activating protein (GAP). Knowledge of these regulatory events is based on extensive experimental data, but many aspects of their interpretation are still controversial. It is assumed here that a significant part of the free energy released when two partners associate is stored in a kinetic equilibrium of forces (KEF), and used to facilitate the separation from a third partner. The activation of the Raf kinase is explained primarily in terms of an allosteric effect of Ras-GTP on the phosphate transfer in the catalytic region of the kinase. A mechanism is proposed for the modification of GAP by Ras-GTP, which is believed to be a prerequisite for the wellknown crosstalk between the Ras- and Rho-dependent signalling pathways. The cell, by meeting the requirements for KEF, manages to reduce activation barriers, thus significantly accelerating the regulatory events and other complex biological reaction sequences.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Ernst J.M. Helmreich
Biological Chemistry, 2004, Volume 385, Number 12
T Liu, A Bohlken, S Kuljaca, M Lee, T Nguyen, S Smith, B Cheung, M D Norris, M Haber, A J Holloway, D D L Bowtell, and G M Marshall
British Journal of Cancer, 2005, Volume 93, Number 3, Page 310

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.