Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard
Editorial Board Member: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred
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IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 3.273
CiteScore 2016: 3.01
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Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.800
Redox regulation of the hypoxia-inducible factor
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have long been considered only as cyto- and genotoxic. However, there is now compelling evidence that ROS also act as second messengers in response to various stimuli, such as growth factors, hormones and cytokines. The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF) is a master regulator of oxygen-sensitive gene expression. More recently, HIF has also been shown to respond to non-hypoxic stimuli. Interestingly, recent reports indicate that ROS regulate HIF stability and transcriptional activity in well-oxygenated cells, as well as under hypoxic conditions. Consequently, ROS appear to be key players in regulating HIF-dependent pathways under both normal and pathological circumstances. This review summarizes the current understanding of the role of ROS in the regulation of the mammalian HIF system.
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