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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 3.014
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.162

CiteScore 2018: 3.09

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.482
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.820

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1437-4315
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Volume 388, Issue 1

Issues

Accumulation of viroid-specific small RNAs and increase in nucleolytic activities linked to viroid-caused pathogenesis

Jaroslav Matoušek
  • Department of Molecular Genetics, Biological Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budĕjovice, Czech Republic and Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budĕjovice, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Petra Kozlová
  • Department of Molecular Genetics, Biological Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budĕjovice, Czech Republic and Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budĕjovice, Czech Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lidmila Orctová
  • Department of Molecular Genetics, Biological Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budĕjovice, Czech Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Axel Schmitz
  • Institute of Physical Biology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätstrasse 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Karel Pešina
  • Department of Molecular Genetics, Biological Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budĕjovice, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Oliver Bannach
  • Institute of Physical Biology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätstrasse 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Natalie Diermann
  • Institute of Physical Biology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätstrasse 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gerhard Steger
  • Institute of Physical Biology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätstrasse 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Detlev Riesner
  • Institute of Physical Biology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätstrasse 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
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Published Online: 2007-01-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2007.001

Abstract

Strong viroid-caused pathogenesis was achieved in tomato cv. Rutgers by biolistic transfer of severe or lethal potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) strains, while other tomato genotypes (e.g., Moneymaker) were tolerant. With reciprocal hybrids between sensitive and tolerant genotypes, we show that plant depression dominates over tolerance. Biolistic transfer of the most pathogenic PSTVd strain AS1 to Nicotiana benthamiana, which is considered to be a symptomless PSTVd host, led to a strong pathogenesis reaction and stunting, suggesting the presence of specific viroid pathogenesis-promoting target(s) in this plant species. Total levels of small siRNA-like PSTVd-specific RNAs were enhanced in strongly symptomatic tomato and N. benthamiana plants after biolistic infection with AS1 in comparison to the mild QFA strain. This indicates association of elevated levels of viroid-specific small RNA with production of strong symptoms. In symptom-bearing tomato leaves in comparison to controls, an RNase of approximately 18 kDa was induced and the activity of a nuclease of 34 kDa was elevated by a factor of seven in the vascular system. Sequence analysis of the nuclease cDNA designated TBN1 showed high homology with plant apoptotic endonucleases. The vascular-specific pathogenesis action is supported by light microscopic observations demonstrating a certain lack of xylem tissue and an arrest of the establishment of new vascular bundles in collapsed plants.

Keywords: biolistic inoculation; disease symptoms; Lycopersicon esculentum; Nicotiana benthamiana; plant nucleases; potato spindle tuber viroid; silencing

About the article

Corresponding author


Received: June 8, 2006

Accepted: July 27, 2006

Published Online: 2007-01-10

Published in Print: 2007-01-01


Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 388, Issue 1, Pages 1–13, ISSN (Online) 1437-4315, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2007.001.

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