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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred

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1437-4315
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Volume 388, Issue 10

Issues

Selenium in chemistry and biochemistry in comparison to sulfur

Ludger A. Wessjohann
  • 1Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry, Weinberg 3, D-06120 Halle/Saale, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Alex Schneider
  • 2Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry, Weinberg 3, D-06120 Halle/Saale, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Muhammad Abbas
  • 3Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry, Weinberg 3, D-06120 Halle/Saale, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Wolfgang Brandt
  • 4Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry, Weinberg 3, D-06120 Halle/Saale, Germany
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Published Online: 2007-10-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2007.138

Abstract

What makes selenoenzymes – seen from a chemist's view – so special that they cannot be substituted by just more analogous or adapted sulfur proteins? This review compiles and compares physicochemical properties of selenium and sulfur, synthetic routes to selenocysteine (Sec) and its peptides, and comparative studies of relevant thiols and selenols and their (mixed) dichalcogens, required to understand the special role of selenium in selenoproteins on the atomic molecular level. The biochemically most relevant differences are the higher polarizability of Se- and the lower pK a of SeH. The latter has a strikingly different pH-dependence than thiols, with selenols being active at much lower pH. Finally, selected typical enzymatic mechanisms which involve selenocysteine are critically discussed, also in view of the authors' own results.

Keywords: disulfide/diselenide/selenenylsulfide interchange; enzyme mechanisms; selenocysteine; selenoproteins; synthesis

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Corresponding author


Published Online: 2007-10-16

Published in Print: 2007-10-01


Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 388, Issue 10, Pages 997–1006, ISSN (Online) 14374315, ISSN (Print) 14316730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BC.2007.138.

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