Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard
Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred
IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 3.022
CiteScore 2018: 3.09
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.482
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.820
Hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in the endoplasmic reticulum
Hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PD) is a luminal enzyme of the endoplasmic reticulum that is distinguished from cytosolic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase by several features. H6PD converts glucose-6-phosphate and NADP+ to 6-phosphogluconate and NADPH, thereby catalyzing the first two reactions of the pentose-phosphate pathway. Because the endoplasmic reticulum has a separate pyridine nucleotide pool, H6PD provides NADPH for luminal reductases. One of these enzymes, 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 responsible for prereceptorial activation of glucocorticoids, has been the focus of much attention as a probable factor in the pathomechanism of several human diseases including insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome. This review summarizes recent advances related to the functions of H6PD.
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