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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Sies, Helmut / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 3.022

CiteScore 2017: 2.81

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.562
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.705

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1437-4315
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Volume 394, Issue 7

Issues

When stable RNA becomes unstable: the degradation of ribosomes in bacteria and beyond

Ülo Maiväli / Anton Paier / Tanel Tenson
Published Online: 2013-03-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2013-0133

Abstract

This review takes a comparative look at the various scenarios where ribosomes are degraded in bacteria and eukaryotes with emphasis on studies involving Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. While the molecular mechanisms of degradation in bacteria and yeast appear somewhat different, we argue that the underlying causes of ribosome degradation are remarkably similar. In both model organisms during ribosomal assembly, partially formed pre-ribosomal particles can be degraded by at least two different sequentially-acting quality control pathways and fully assembled but functionally faulty ribosomes can be degraded in a separate quality control pathway. In addition, ribosomes that are both structurally- and functionally-sound can be degraded as an adaptive measure to stress.

Keywords: degradation; Escherichia coli; nonfunctional RNA decay (NRD); ribosome; yeast

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About the article

Ülo Maiväli

Ülo Maiväli is a molecular biologist studying ribosomal metabolism in Escherichia coli. He obtained his PhD from the University of Tartu in 2004. Currently he is a researcher in the Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Estonia.

Anton Paier

Anton Paier has a Master’s degree in Modern Literature from the University of Genua, Italy, a Bachelor’s in Military History from the University of Stockholm and a Master’s in Biomedical Laboratory Sciences from the Karolinska Institute (2008). Currently he is doing a PhD in Molecular Biology at the University of Tartu. His thesis is centered on the ribosomal degradation in E. coli.

Tanel Tenson

Tanel Tenson is a biochemist and microbiologist studying the mechanisms of antibiotic action and antibiotic resistance. He obtained his PhD from the University of Tartu in 1997. Tanel Tenson is currently Professor of Technology of Antimicrobial Compounds at the Institute of Technology, University of Tartu.


Corresponding author: Ülo Maiväli, Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Nooruse 1, Tartu 50411, Estonia


Received: 2013-02-07

Accepted: 2013-03-20

Published Online: 2013-03-24

Published in Print: 2013-07-01


Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 394, Issue 7, Pages 845–855, ISSN (Online) 1437-4315, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2013-0133.

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Anton Paier, Margus Leppik, Aksel Soosaar, Tanel Tenson, and Ülo Maiväli
Scientific Reports, 2015, Volume 5, Number 1

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