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Biological Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief: Brüne, Bernhard

Editorial Board: Buchner, Johannes / Lei, Ming / Ludwig, Stephan / Thomas, Douglas D. / Turk, Boris / Wittinghofer, Alfred


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Volume 395, Issue 3

Issues

Crosstalk of lipid and protein homeostasis to maintain membrane function

Claudius Stordeur
  • Institute of Biochemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 9, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
  • These authors contributed equally to this article.
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kristina Puth
  • Institute of Biochemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 9, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
  • These authors contributed equally to this article.
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ James P. Sáenz / Robert Ernst
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Biochemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 9, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2013-10-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2013-0235

Abstract

Biological membranes are a defining feature of cellular life. They serve as selective diffusion barriers, compartmentalize biochemical processes and protect the cellular milieu. We are only beginning to understand the principles underlying their homeostasis and the functional relevance of their complex compositions. Here, we summarize some recent evidences that suggest an intense crosstalk between the pathways of protein quality control and lipid homeostasis. We discuss paradigms of lipid regulation by protein degradation machineries and highlight the intricate connections between lipid droplet morphology, membrane biogenesis and ER-stress.

Keywords: ER-associated degradation (ERAD); ER-stress; lipid droplets; UBXD8; UBX2; unfolded protein response (UPR)

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About the article

Claudius Stordeur

Claudius Stordeur studied Biochemistry at the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg and received his PhD for the creation and selection of novel, artificial binding proteins. Since March 2013 he has been a member of the Molecular Membrane Biology group at the Goethe University, Frankfurt. He is interested in the molecular mechanisms of lipid sensing.

Kristina Puth

Kristina Puth finished her studies in Biochemistry at the Goethe University Frankfurt and received her Diploma in 2012. Since 2012, she has been a PhD student in the Molecular Membrane Biology group at the Goethe University, Frankfurt and focuses on the molecular basis of lipid-induced ER-stress responses.

James P. Sáenz

James Saenz received his PhD from the MIT-WHOI Joint Program in Chemical Oceanography and is presently a postdoctoral fellow at the MPI-CBG in the group of Prof. Kai Simons. James’ research interests address the natural history and evolution of the membrane and center on understanding the evolutionary basis for lipid structural diversity. For his postdoctoral research he is studying the properties and functions of a class of bacterial ‘sterol surrogates’ called hopanoids.

Robert Ernst

Robert Ernst received his PhD from the University of Düsseldorf. In his postdoctoral phase at the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, he studied mechanisms of protein quality control and degradation. He then moved to the laboratory of Kai Simons to study the complex interplay of lipid and protein homeostasis. Since 2012, Robert Ernst has been an Emmy Noether fellow and is principle investigator of the Molecular Membrane Biology group at the Goethe University, Frankfurt.


Corresponding author: Robert Ernst, Institute of Biochemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 9, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany, e-mail:


Received: 2013-07-31

Accepted: 2013-10-21

Published Online: 2013-10-23

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Biological Chemistry, Volume 395, Issue 3, Pages 313–326, ISSN (Online) 1437-4315, ISSN (Print) 1431-6730, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2013-0235.

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[1]
Jahnabi Roy, Payam Dibaeinia, Timothy M. Fan, Saurabh Sinha, and Aditi Das
Journal of Lipid Research, 2019, Volume 60, Number 2, Page 375
[2]
Yanli Qi, Hui Liu, Xiulai Chen, and Liming Liu
Metabolic Engineering, 2019, Volume 53, Page 24
[3]
Hana Kimura, Kohei Arasaki, Yuki Ohsaki, Toyoshi Fujimoto, Takayuki Ohtomo, Junji Yamada, and Mitsuo Tagaya
Journal of Lipid Research, 2018, Volume 59, Number 5, Page 805
[4]
Deniz Kuscuoglu, Sabina Janciauskiene, Karim Hamesch, Johannes Haybaeck, Christian Trautwein, and Pavel Strnad
Journal of Hepatology, 2018
[5]
Kristina Halbleib, Kristina Pesek, Roberto Covino, Harald F. Hofbauer, Dorith Wunnicke, Inga Hänelt, Gerhard Hummer, and Robert Ernst
Molecular Cell, 2017, Volume 67, Number 4, Page 673
[6]
Robert Ernst, Christer S. Ejsing, and Bruno Antonny
Journal of Molecular Biology, 2016, Volume 428, Number 24, Page 4776
[7]
Roberto Covino, Stephanie Ballweg, Claudius Stordeur, Jonas B. Michaelis, Kristina Puth, Florian Wernig, Amir Bahrami, Andreas M. Ernst, Gerhard Hummer, and Robert Ernst
Molecular Cell, 2016, Volume 63, Number 1, Page 49

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