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The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Jürges, Hendrik / Ludwig, Sandra

Ed. by Auriol , Emmanuelle / Brunner, Johann / Fleck, Robert / Mendola, Mariapia / Requate, Till / Schirle, Tammy / de Vries, Frans / Zulehner, Christine

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.252
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.755

CiteScore 2016: 0.48

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1935-1682
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Volume 10, Issue 1 (Mar 2010)

Issues

Volume 6 (2006)

Volume 4 (2004)

Volume 2 (2002)

Volume 1 (2001)

Immigration, Citizenship, and the Size of Government

Francesc Ortega
Published Online: 2010-03-31 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1935-1682.2324

Abstract

I study the political sustainability of the welfare state in an environment where immigration is the main demographic force and where governments choose immigration policy. Voters anticipate their children's prospects of economic mobility and the future political consequences of today's policies. The skill distribution evolves due to intergenerational skill upgrading and immigration. I consider three regimes: permanent migration with citizenship granted by jus soli, permanent migration with jus sanguinis, and temporary migration. The main finding is that under permanent migration and jus soli there exists equilibria where redistribution is sustained indefinitely, despite constant skill upgrading. This is not the case in the other regimes. The crucial insight is that unskilled voters trade-off the lower wages from larger unskilled immigration with the increased political support for redistribution provided by the children of the current immigrants. These mechanisms are relevant for the ongoing debates over comprehensive immigration reform in the U.S, and elsewhere.

Keywords: immigration; citizenship; redistribution

About the article

Published Online: 2010-03-31


Citation Information: The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, ISSN (Online) 1935-1682, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1935-1682.2324.

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©2011 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Citing Articles

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[1]
Ryuichi Tanaka, Lidia Farre, and Francesc Ortega
European Journal of Political Economy, 2017
[2]
Francesc Ortega and Giovanni Peri
Migration Studies, 2013, Volume 1, Number 1, Page 47
[4]
Pierre M. Picard and Tim Worrall
The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2016, Volume 118, Number 4, Page 718
[5]
Iñigo Iturbe-Ormaetxe and J. Gabriel Romero
European Journal of Political Economy, 2016, Volume 44, Page 159
[6]
Santiago Sánchez-Pagés and Ángel Solano García
The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2016, Volume 118, Number 3, Page 557
[7]
Francesc Ortega and Giovanni Peri
CESifo Economic Studies, 2015, Volume 61, Number 3-4, Page 521
[8]
Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Prachi Mishra
CESifo Economic Studies, 2015, Volume 61, Number 3-4, Page 560
[9]
Roc Armenter and Francesc Ortega
European Economic Review, 2011, Volume 55, Number 2, Page 228
[10]
Lena Calahorrano and Oliver Lorz
Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 2011, Volume 58, Number 5, Page 589
[11]
Julian di Giovanni, Andrei A. Levchenko, and Francesc Ortega
Journal of the European Economic Association, 2015, Volume 13, Number 1, Page 168
[12]
David de la Croix and Frédéric Docquier
Review of Economic Dynamics, 2015, Volume 18, Number 3, Page 593
[13]
Spiros Bougheas and Doug Nelson
European Economic Review, 2013, Volume 63, Page 206
[14]
Kåre Vernby
American Journal of Political Science, 2013, Volume 57, Number 1, Page 15
[15]
Francesc Ortega and Javier G. Polavieja
Labour Economics, 2012, Volume 19, Number 3, Page 298
[16]
Libertad González and Francesc Ortega
Labour Economics, 2011, Volume 18, Number 1, Page 57
[17]
Humberto Llavador and Angel Solano-García
Journal of Public Economics, 2011, Volume 95, Number 1-2, Page 134

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