Adda, Jerome, Brendon McConnell, and Imran Rasul. 2015. “Crime and the Depenalization of Cannabis Possession: Evidence from a Policing Experiment.” Journal of Political Economy, Forthcoming.
Anderson, Mark D., Benjamin Hansen, and Daniel Rees. 2015. “Medical Marijuana Laws and Teen Marijuana Use.” American Law and Economics Review, Forthcoming.
Anderson, Mark D., Benjamin Hansen, and Daniel Rees. 2013. “Medical Marijuana Laws, Traffic Fatalities, and Alcohol Consumption.” Journal of Law and Economics 56(2):333–69.Google Scholar
Associated Press. 2010. U.S. Drug War has Met None of its Goals. May 13. Accessed September 5th, 2013. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/37134751#.UhvJkBb_ORM.
Ayres, Ian, and John J. Donohue III. 2003. “Shooting down the ‘More Guns, Less Crime’ Hypothesis.” Stanford Law Review 55(4):1193–312.Google Scholar
Beer Institute. 2015. The Brewers Almanac. Washington, DC: Beer Institute.Google Scholar
Braakmann, Nils and Simon Jones. 2014. “Cannabis Depenalisation, Drug Consumption and Crime - Evidence from the 2004 Cannabis Declassification in the UK.” Social Science & Medicine 115:29–37.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Carpenter, Christopher. 2007. “Heavy Alcohol Use and Crime: Evidence from Underage Drunk-Driving Laws.” Journal of Law and Economics 50(3):539–57.Google Scholar
Cheng, Cheng, and Mark Hoekstra. 2013. “Does Strengthening Self-Defense Law Deter Crime or Escalate Violence? Evidence from Expansions to Castle Doctrine.” Journal of Human Resources 48(3):821–54.Google Scholar
Chu, Yu-Wei. 2015. “Do Medical Marijuana Laws Increase Hard Drug Use?” Journal of Law and Economics, Forthcoming.
Coronado, Roberto, and Pia M. Orrenius. 2007. “Crime on the U.S. –Mexico Border: The Effect of Undocumented Immigration and Border Enforcement.” Migraciones Internacionales 4(1):39–64.Google Scholar
Crost, Benjamin, and Santiago Guerrero. 2012. “The Effect of Alcohol Availability on Marijuana Use: Evidence from the Minimum Legal Drinking Age.” Journal of Health Economics 31(1):112–21.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Currier, Cora. 2012. “The 24 States That Have Sweeping Self-Defense Laws Just Like Florida’s.” Propublica, March 22. Accessed March 15, 2014. http://www.propublica.org/article/the-23-states-that-have-sweeping-self-defense-laws-just-like-floridas.
Damrongplasit, Kannika, Cheng Hsiao, and Xueyan Zhao. 2010. “Decriminalization and Marijuana Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from Australia.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 28(3):344–56.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Department of Justice (DOJ). 2012. “Crime in the United States – 2012.” Technical Report. Accessed December 15, 2014 http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/.
Department of Justice (DOJ). August, 2013. “Smart on Crime: Reforming the Criminal Justice System for the 21st Century.” Technical Report.
Dobkin, Carlos, Nancy Nicosia, and Matthew Weinberg. 2014. “Are Supply-side Drug Control Efforts Effective? Evaluating OTC Regulations Targeting Methamphetamine Precursors.” Journal of Public Economics 120:48–61.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Donohue, John J., III, Benjamin Ewing, and David Peloquin. 2011. “Rethinking America’s Illegal Drug Policy.” In Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs, edited by Philip J. Cook, Jens Ludwig, and Justin McCrary. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Earleywine, Mitch. 2002. Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). 2008. Annual Report: The State of the Drug Problem in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.Google Scholar
Fisher, Irving. 1927. Prohibition at its Worst. New York: Alcohol Information Committee.Google Scholar
Freisthler, Bridget, Nancy J. Kepple, Revel Sims, and Scott E. Martin. 2013. “Evaluating Medical Marijuana Dispensary Policies: Spatial Methods for the Study of Environmentally-Based Interventions.” American Journal of Community Psychology 51(1–2):278–88.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gould, Eric D., Bruce A. Weinberg, and David B. Mustard. 2002. “Crime rates and local labor market opportunities in the United States: 1979–1997.” Review of Economics and statistics 84.1:45–61.Crossref
Global Commission on Drug Policy. 2011. War on Drugs. June, 2011. Available at http://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/wp-content/themes/gcdp_v1/pdf/Global_Commission_Report_English.pdf.
Kepple, Nancy J. and Bridget Freisthler. 2012. “Exploring the Ecological Association between Crime and Medical Marijuana Dispensaries.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 73(4):523–30.Google Scholar
Kilmer, Beau, Jonathan P. Caulkins, Brittany M. Bond, and Peter H. Reuter. 2010. “Reducing Drug Trafficking Revenues and Violence in Mexico: Would Legalizing Marijuana in California Help?” Technical Report, RAND Corporation.
King, Ryan and Marc Mauer. 2006. “The War on Marijuana: The Transformation of the War on Drugs in the 1990s.” Harm Reduction Journal 3(6):1–17.Google Scholar
Lee, Jin Young and Gary Solon. 2011. “The Fragility of Estimated Effects of Unilateral Divorce Laws on Divorce Rates.” The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 11(1):1–9.Google Scholar
Lynch, James P. and John P. Jarvis. 2008. “Missing Data and Imputation in the Uniform Crime Reports and the Effects on National Estimates.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 24(1): 69–85.Google Scholar
Lynne-Landsman, Sarah D., Melvin D. Livingston, and Alexander C. Wagenaar. 2013. “Effects of State Medical Marijuana Laws on Adolescent Marijuana Use.” American Journal of Public Health 103(8):1500–6.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
MacCoun, Robert and Peter Reuter. 2001. Drug war Heresies: Learning from Other Vices, Times, and Places. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
MacCoun, Robert, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Jamie F. Chriqui, Katherine Harris, and Peter Reuter. 2009. “Do Citizens Know Whether Their State Has Decriminalized Marijuana? Assessing the Perceptual Component of Deterrence Theory.” Review of Law and Economics 5(1):347–71.Google Scholar
Marijuana Policy Project (MPP). 2014. State Policy. Accessed July 23, 2014. http://www.mpp.org/states/.
Miron, Jeffrey. 1999. “Violence and the U.S. Prohibitions of Drugs and Alcohol.” American Law and Economics Review 1(1):78–114.Google Scholar
Miron, Jeffrey. 2001. “Violence, Guns, and Drugs: A Cross-Country Analysis.” Journal of Law and Economics 44(S2):615–33.Google Scholar
Model, Karyn E. 1993. “The Effect of Marijuana Decriminalization on Hospital Emergency Room Drug Episodes: 1975–1978.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 88(423):737–47.Google Scholar
Morgan, John P. 1991. “Prohibition is Perverse Policy: What Was True in 1933 is True Now.” In Searching for Alternatives: Drug-Control Policy in the United States, edited by Melvyn Krauss, and Edward Lazear. Hoover: Hoover Institution Press.Google Scholar
Morris, Robert G., Michael TenEyck, J. C. Barnes, and Tomislav V. Kovandzic. 2014. “The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Crime: Evidence from State Panel Data, 1990–2006.” PLoS ONE 9(3):e92816.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mkrtchyan, Vitally. 2012. “Initiative 692, Now and Then: The Past, Present, and Future of Medical Marijuana in Washington State.” Gonzaga Law Review 47(3):840–76.Google Scholar
National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC). 2011. The Economic Impact of Illicit Drug Use on American Society. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Justice.Google Scholar
National Rifle Association – Institute for Legal Action. 2012. Right to Carry Laws. Accessed June 15, 2014. https://www.nraila.org/gun-laws.aspx.
National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML). 2014. State Laws. Accessed March 10, 2014. http://norml.org/laws/.
Nicas, Jack. 2013. “Medical Pot Laws Get Tougher.” Wall Street Journal (online), 19 June 2013.
Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). April, 2013. National Drug Control Budget: FY 2014 Funding Highlights. Washington, DC. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/ondcp/policy-and-research/fy_2014_drug_control_budget_highlights_3.pdf.
Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo and Beau Kilmer. October 2003. “Marijuana and Crime: Is There a Connection Beyond Prohibition?” NBER Working Paper #10046.
Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, Jamie F. Chriqui, and Joanna King. May 2003. “Marijuana Decriminalization: What does it mean in the United States?” NBER Working Paper #9690.
Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, Beau Kilmer, Michael Grossman, and Frank J. Chaloupka. 2010. “Risks and Prices: The Role of User Sanctions in Marijuana Markets.” The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 10(1):1–36.Google Scholar
Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, David Powell, Paul Heaton, and Eric L. Sevigny. 2015. “Assessing the Effects of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana Use: The Devil is in the Details.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 34(1):7–31.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
ProCon. 2012. Number of Legal Medical Marijuana Patients. Accessed December 10, 2014. http://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=005889.
Raphael, Steven, and Rudolf Winter-Ebmer. 2001. “Identifying the Effect of Unemployment on Crime.” Journal of Law and Economics 44(1):259–83.Google Scholar
Shepard, Edward, and Paul Blackley. 2010 . “Economics of Crime and Drugs: Prohibition and Public Policies for Illicit Drug Control.” In Handbook on the Economics of Crime, edited by Bruce Benson and Paul Zimmerman. Cheltenham, United Kingdon: Edward Elgar Press.
Solon, Gary, Steven Haider, and Jeffrey Wooldridge. 2014. “What Are We Weighting For?” Journal of Human Resources, Forthcoming.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). 2012. 2011–2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Model-Based Prevalence Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia). Retrieved January 15, 2015. http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k12State/Tables/NSDUHsaeTables2012.pdf.
Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics (UCR). 1970–2012. State-by-State and National Crime Estimates by Year. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Accessed July 23, 2014. http://www.ucrdatatool.gov/Search/Crime/State/StatebyState.cfm.
U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 1987–1997 . Digest of State Alcohol-Highway Traffic Safety Related Legislation. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation.Google Scholar
Vogelsang, Timothy J. 2012. “Heteroskedasticity, Autocorrelation, and Spatial Correlation Robust Inference in Linear Panel Models with Fixed-Effects.” Journal of Econometrics 166(2):303–19.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wall, Melanie M., Ernest Poh, Magdalena Cerda, Katherine M. Keyes, Sandro Galea, and Deborah Hasin. 2011. “Adolescent Marijuana Use from 2002 to 2008: Higher in States with Medical Marijuana Laws, Cause Still Unclear.” Annals of Epidemiology 21(9): 714–6.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wen, Hefei, Jason M. Hockenberry, and Janet R. Cummings. 2015. “The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana, Alcohol, and Hard Drug Use.” Journal of Health Economics 42:64–80.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Werb, Dan, Greg Rowell, Gordon Guyatt, Thomas Kerr, Julio Montaner, and Evan Wood. 2011. “Effect of Drug Law Enforcement on Drug Market Violence: A Systematic Review.” International Journal of Drug Policy 22(2):87–94.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Williams, Jenny, Rosalie Pacula, Frank Chaloupka, and Henry Wechsler. 2004. “Alcohol and Marijuana Use Among College Students: Economic Complements or Substitutes?” Health Economics 13:825–43.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wood, Evan, Dan Werb, Benedikt Fischer, Carl Hart, Alex Wodak, Francisco Inacio Bastos, Julio Montaner, and Thomas Kerr. 2010. “Tools for Debate: US Federal Government Data on Cannabis Prohibition.” Technical Report, International Centre for Science in Drug Policy.