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The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Ludwig, Sandra / Schmitz, Hendrik

Ed. by Auriol, Emmanuelle / Barigozzi, Francesca / Brunner, Johann / Fleck, Robert / Mastrobuoni, Giovanni / Mendola, Mariapia / Requate, Till / de Vries, Frans / Wenzel, Tobias / Zulehner, Christine

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Volume 17, Issue 1


Volume 6 (2006)

Volume 4 (2004)

Volume 2 (2002)

Volume 1 (2001)

Getting Girls to Schools! – Assessing the Impacts of a Targeted Program on Enrollment and Academic Performance

Somdeep Chatterjee
  • Corresponding author
  • Business Environment Group, Indian Institute of Management Lucknow, Prabandh Nagar, IIM Road, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226013, India
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Published Online: 2017-02-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2016-0248


This is a short paper assessing the impacts of a targeted policy aimed to improve the quality of education for girls in India, i.e., the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) program. Under this program residential schools were built for girls in grades 6–8 (often known as middle school) and were unique because it is one of the few programs that exclusively focuses on improving school infrastructure for girls. The program was restricted to individuals belonging to backward castes in India which provides exogenous identifying variation. I use this eligibility criteria along with cohort variation in exposure to the program introduced in 2004 to estimate the impact of KGBV on enrollment and academic performance. I find that potentially affected cohorts are more likely to have attended school and perform better on reading tests. I run placebo regressions with data from a pre-policy year and do not find any effects along these dimensions providing confidence in the identification strategy.

Keywords: education economics; education for girls; education policy; school infrastructure; affirmative action

JEL Classification: I25; I28


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Published Online: 2017-02-16

Citation Information: The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Volume 17, Issue 1, 20160248, ISSN (Online) 1935-1682, ISSN (Print) 2194-6108, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2016-0248.

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