Altonji, J. G., Elder T. E., and Taber C. R. 2005. “Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools.” Journal of Political Economy 113 (1):151–184.Google Scholar
Angrist, J., Lavy V., and Schlosser A. 2010. “Multiple Experiments for the Causal Link between the Quantity and Quality of Children.” Journal of Labor Economics 28 (4):773–824.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Azam, M. 2016. “Explaining Caste Differences in Private School Attendance.” Review of Development Economics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rode.12305.Google Scholar
Becker, G. S. 1960. “An Economic Analysis of Fertility.” In Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries, edited by Becker Gary S. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Becker, G. S., and Lewis H. G. 1973. “On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children.” Journal of Political Economy 81:S279–S288.Google Scholar
Bhalotra, S., and Clarke D. 2016. “The Twin Instrument.” IZA DP No. 10405.
Black, S. E., Devereux P. J., and Salvanes K. G. 2005. “The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Children’s Education.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 120 (2):669–700.Google Scholar
Butcher, K., and Case A. 1994. “The Effect of Sibling Sex Composition on Women’s Education and Earnings.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 109 (3):531–563.Google Scholar
Cáceres-Delpiano, Julio. 2006. “The Impacts of Family Size on Investment in Child Quality.” Journal of Human Resources 41 (4):738–754.Google Scholar
Conley, D., and Glauber R. 2006. “Parental Educational Investment and Children’s Academic Risk: Estimates of the Impact of Sibship Size and Birth Order from Exogenous Variation in Fertility.” The Journal of Human Resources 41 (4):722–737.Google Scholar
Dang, H., and Rogers H. F. 2016. “The Decision to Invest in Child Quality over Quantity: Household Size and Household Investment in Education in Vietnam.” World Bank Economic Review 30 (1):104–142.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Dayıoğlu, M., Kirdar M. G., and Tansel A. 2009. “Impact of Sibship Size, Birth Order and Sex Composition on School Enrolment in Urban Turkey.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 71 (3):399–426.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Government of India. 2006. Social, Economic and Education Status of the Muslim Community of India. New Delhi.Google Scholar
Kang, C. 2011. “Family Size and Educational Investments in Children: Evidence from Private Tutoring Expenditures in South Korea.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 73:59–78.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kaul, T. 2016. Intra-Household Allocation of Educational Expenses: Gender Discrimination versus Investment for the Future. University of Maryland, mimeo.Google Scholar
Liu, H. 2014. “The Quality-Qquantity Trade-off: Evidence from the Relaxation of China’s One-child Policy.” Journal of Population Economics 27 (2):565–602.Google Scholar
Maralani, V. 2008. “The Changing Relationship Between Family Size and Educational Attainment over the Course of Socioeconomic Development: Evidence from Indonesia.” Demography 45 (3):693–717.Google Scholar
Muralidharan, K. 2013, April. “Priorities for Primary Education Policy in India’s 12th five-year Plan.” In India Policy Forum, Vol. 9, 1–46.
Oster, E. 2016a. “Unobservable Selection and Coefficient Stability: Theory and Evidence.” Journal of Business and Economic Statisticshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07350015.2016.1227711Google Scholar
Oster, E. 2016b. “PSACALC: Stata Module to Calculate Treatment Effects and Relative Degree of Selection Under Proportional Selection of Observables and Unobservables.” Statistical Software Components.
Qian, N. 2009. “Quantity–Quality and the One Child Policy: The Only-Child Disadvantage in School Enrollment in Rural China,” NBER Working Papers 14973.
Rosenzweig, M., and Zhang J. 2009. “Do Population Control Policies Induce More Human Capital Investment? Twins, Birthweight, and China’s ‘One Child’ Policy.” Review of Economic Studies 76 (3):1149–1174.Google Scholar
Rosenzweig, M. R., and Wolpin K. I. 1980. “Testing the Quantity-quality Fertility Model: The Use of Twins as a Natural Experiment.” Econometrica 48 (1):227–240.Google Scholar
Sarin, A. 2004. “Are Children from Smaller Families Healthier? Examining the Causal Effects of Family Size on Child Welfare (Unpublished doctoral dissertation).” Irving B. Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
Schultz, T. P. 2008. “Population Policies, Fertility, Women’s Human Capital and Child’s Quality.” In Handbook of Development Economics, edited by Paul Schultz T and Strauss John, Vol. 4. North Holand: Elsevier.
Steelman, L. C., Powell B., Werum R., and Carter S. 2002. “Reconsidering the Effects of Sibling Configuration: Recent Advances and Challenges.” Annual Review of Sociology 28:243–269.CrossrefGoogle Scholar