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The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Jürges, Hendrik / Ludwig, Sandra

Ed. by Auriol, Emmanuelle / Brunner, Johann / Fleck, Robert / Mastrobuoni, Giovanni / Mendola, Mariapia / Requate, Till / de Vries, Frans / Zulehner, Christine

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Volume 18, Issue 4

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Volume 6 (2006)

Volume 4 (2004)

Volume 2 (2002)

Volume 1 (2001)

The Impact of Language Skills on Immigrants’ Labor Market Integration: A Brief Revision With a New Approach

Eric Schuss
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Chair of Public Economics, University of Duisburg-Essen, Weststadttürme Berliner Platz 6-8, 45127 Essen, Germany
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Published Online: 2018-08-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2017-0280

Abstract

I examine the impact of language skills on immigrants’ labor market performance by applying a new approach, which allows to estimate wage benefits attributed to initial language skills at arrival. By exploiting unique data, I isolate the endogenous part of current German skills and instrument current command by German proficiency measured retrospectively at the point in time of migration. This approach tackles the problem that labor market effects from current language skills are at risk to reflect merely the sum of a successful residence in Germany and only display growth effects. I find that a good command of German increases labor market income by 47.0% for males, while no significant language effects are detected for females. Further analyses illustrate that differences in language effects by gender can be attributed to selection into different occupations and part-time employments and that language operates complementary and enables cross-border transferability of human capital.

Keywords: transferability of human capital; complementarity of language skills; immigrants; labor market performance

JEL Classification: C26; J24; J31; J61

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About the article

Published Online: 2018-08-17


Citation Information: The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Volume 18, Issue 4, 20170280, ISSN (Online) 1935-1682, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2017-0280.

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