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The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Ludwig, Sandra / Schmitz, Hendrik

Ed. by Auriol, Emmanuelle / Barigozzi, Francesca / Brunner, Johann / Fleck, Robert / Mastrobuoni, Giovanni / Mendola, Mariapia / Requate, Till / de Vries, Frans / Wenzel, Tobias / Zulehner, Christine

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.306
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.492

CiteScore 2017: 0.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.414
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.531

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Volume 19, Issue 1


Volume 19 (2019)

Volume 6 (2006)

Volume 4 (2004)

Volume 2 (2002)

Volume 1 (2001)

Estimating the Impact of Ride-Hailing App Company Entry on Public Transportation Use in Major US Urban Areas

Erik NelsonORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7291-5192 / Nicole Sadowsky
Published Online: 2018-12-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2018-0151


Since 2011, the private ride-hailing (RH) app companies Uber and Lyft have expanded into more and more US urban areas. We use a dynamic entry event study to examine the impact of Uber and Lyft’s entry on public transportation (PT) use in the United States’ largest urban areas. In most cases, entry into urban areas was staggered: Uber entered first, followed several months later by Lyft. We generally find that PT use increased in the representative urban area, all else equal, immediately following first RH app company entry. However, this spike in PT use largely disappeared following the entry of the second RH app company. Slightly different RH app company–PT use relationships emerge when we estimate the PT use model over various subsets of urban areas and PT modes.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: public transportation; ride-hailing app companies; Uber; Lyft; first-mile problem; last-mile problem; regression discontinuity; differentiated oligopoly competition; dynamic entry event study

JEL Classification: C21; D22; D43; H41; R40


About the article

Published Online: 2018-12-12

Competing Interests: The authors have no competing interests to declare.

Citation Information: The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Volume 19, Issue 1, 20180151, ISSN (Online) 1935-1682, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2018-0151.

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