The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics
Editor-in-Chief: Cavalcanti, Tiago / Kambourov, Gueorgui
Ed. by Abraham, Arpad / Carceles-Poveda , Eva / Debortoli, Davide / Schwartzman, Felipe / Wang, Pengfei
IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.378
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.462
CiteScore 2017: 0.62
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.553
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.605
I study repayment behavior for college graduates who borrow under the U.S. Federal Student Loan Program to finance higher education. I develop a dynamic model with uninsurable shocks to earnings and student loan rates that explains the repayment pattern in U.S. data: college graduates with lower debt will lock-in interest rates, while those with higher debt will switch to an income-contingent plan. Default does not occur among the most financially constrained group of college graduates. I use the model to quantify the effects of a reform introduced in 2006 that eliminates the possibility to lock-in interest rates for student loans. The reform induces a significant increase in default rates, which is largely accounted for by low-income borrowers.
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