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The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics

Editor-in-Chief: Cavalcanti, Tiago / Kambourov, Gueorgui

Ed. by Abraham, Arpad / Carceles-Poveda , Eva / Debortoli, Davide / Lambertini, Luisa / Nimark, Kristoffer / Wang, Pengfei

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.043
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CiteScore 2016: 0.36

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1935-1690
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Trade Liberalization, Competition and Growth

Antonio Navas / Omar Licandro
Published Online: 2011-05-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1935-1690.2087

Increasing evidence supports that international trade enhances innovation and productivity growth through an increase in competition. This paper develops a two-country endogenous growth model, with firm specific R&D and a continuum of oligopolistic sectors under Cournot competition to provide a theoretical support to this claim. Since countries are assumed to produce the same set of varieties, trade openness makes markets more competitive, reducing prices and increasing quantities. Since firms undertake cost reducing innovations, the increase in production pushes firms to innovate more. Compared to other oligopolistic competition models, we find a larger pro-competitive effect of trade on innovation under this framework, and this effect is increasing the larger the elasticity of substitution between products.

Keywords: trade openness; growth; competition

About the article

Published Online: 2011-05-12


Citation Information: The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, ISSN (Online) 1935-1690, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1935-1690.2087.

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©2011 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

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