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The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics

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The marriage unemployment gap

Sekyu Choi
  • University of Bristol, Department of Economics, 0B10 The Priory Road Complex, Priory Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TU, United Kingdom
  • Division of Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom
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/ Arnau Valladares-Esteban
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  • Division of Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom
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Published Online: 2017-06-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejm-2016-0060

Abstract

In this paper we document that married individuals face a lower unemployment rate than their single counterparts. We refer to this phenomenon as the marriage unemployment gap. Despite dramatic demographic changes in the labor market over the last decades, this gap has been remarkably stable both for men and women. Using a flow-decomposition exercise, we assess which transition probabilities (across labor force states) are behind this phenomenon: For men, the main driver is the higher job losing probabilities faced by single workers. For females, the participation margin also plays a crucial role.

Keywords: households; marriage; unemployment; worker flows

JEL Classification: E24; J12; J64

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About the article

Published Online: 2017-06-06


Citation Information: The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, Volume 18, Issue 1, 20160060, ISSN (Online) 1935-1690, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bejm-2016-0060.

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