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Biomedical Glasses

Editor-in-Chief: Boccaccini, Aldo R.

CiteScore 2018: 2.05

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Review - bioactive glass implants for potential application in structural bone repair

Mohamed N. Rahaman
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri 65409, United States of America
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/ Wei Xiao
  • Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri 65409, United States of America Qiang Fu: Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY 14830, United States of America
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/ Wenhai Huang
  • Institute of Bioengineering and Information Technology Materials, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Published Online: 2017-09-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bglass-2017-0005


Bioactive glass particles andweak scaffolds have been used to heal small contained bone defects but an unmet challenge is the development of bioactive glass implants with the requisite mechanical reliability and in vivo performance to heal structural bone defects. Inadequate mechanical strength and a brittle mechanical response have been key concerns in the use of bioactive glass scaffolds in structural bone repair. Recent research has shown the capacity to create strong porous bioactive glass scaffolds and the ability of these scaffolds to heal segmental bone defects in small and large rodents at a rate comparable to autogenous bone grafts. Loading these strong porous scaffolds with bone morphogenetic protein-2 can significantly enhance their ability to regenerate bone. Recentwork has also shown that coating the external surface of strong porous scaffolds with an adherent biodegradable polymer can dramatically improve their load-bearing capacity in flexural loading and their work of fracture (a measure of toughness). These tough and strong bioactive glass-polymer composites with an internal architecture conducive to bone infiltration could provide optimal synthetic implants for structural bone repair.

Keywords : Bioactive glass for structural bone repair; bioactive glass composites; mechanical and in vivo evaluation of bioactive glass scaffolds


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About the article

Received: 2017-05-23

Revised: 2017-08-09

Accepted: 2017-08-26

Published Online: 2017-09-08

Published in Print: 2017-09-26

Citation Information: Biomedical Glasses, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 56–66, ISSN (Online) 2299-3932, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bglass-2017-0005.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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