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Biomedical Glasses

Editor-in-Chief: Boccaccini, Aldo R.


CiteScore 2018: 2.05

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.424
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.562

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Online
ISSN
2299-3932
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Investigating the Effect of Glass Ion Release on the Cytocompatibility, Antibacterial Eflcacy and Antioxidant Activity of Y2O3 / CeO2 doped SiO2-SrO-Na2O glasses

L. M. Placek / T. J. Keenan / A. Coughlan / A. W. Wren
Published Online: 2018-02-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bglass-2018-0004

Abstract

The effect on ion release and cytocompatibility of Yttrium (Y) and Cerium (Ce) are investigated when substituted for Sodium (Na) in a 0.52SiO2-0.24SrO-0.24-Na2OMOglass series (where MO= Y2O3 or CeO2). Glass leaching was evaluated through pH measurements and Inductive Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) analysiswhere the extract pH increased during incubation (11.2 - 12.5). Ion release of Silicon (Si), Na and Strontium (Sr) from the Con glass was at higher than that of glasses containing Y or Ce, and reached a limit after 1 day. Ion release from Y and Ce containing glasses reached a maximum of 1800 μg/mL, 1800 μg/mL, and 10 μg/mL for Si, Na, and Sr, respectively. Release of Y and Cewas below the ICP- OES detection limit <0.1 μg/mL. Cell viability of both L929 fibroblasts and MC3T3 osteoblasts decreased for Con, LY, and LCe extracts; HY extracts did not significantly decrease cell viability while YCe and HCe saw concentrationdependent viability decrease (20%, 33% extract concentrations). Bacterial studies saw Con and LCe eliminating >75% of bacteria at a 9% extract concentration. Antioxidant capacity (mechanism for neuroprotection) was evaluated using the ABTS assay. All glasses had inherent radical oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capability with Con reaching 9.5 mMTE.

Keywords : Bioactive Glass; Cytocompatibility; ABTS assay

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About the article

Received: 2017-11-02

Revised: 2017-12-14

Accepted: 2017-12-19

Published Online: 2018-02-02


Citation Information: Biomedical Glasses, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 32–44, ISSN (Online) 2299-3932, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bglass-2018-0004.

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