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Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur

Ed. by Haustein, Jens / Köbele, Susanne / Nübling, Damaris / Szczepaniak, Renata

CiteScore 2018: 0.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.110
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.164

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Volume 132, Issue 1


Old Franconian and Middle Dutch <gh> and Velar Palatalization

Michel van der Hoek
  • University of Minnesota, Dept. of German, Scandinavian, and Dutch, 205 Folwell Hall, 9 Pleasant Street, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2010-08-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bgsl.2010.002

Our understanding of the relative chronology and linguistic geography of velar palatalization in West Germanic remains limited. A major obstacle is the lack of evidence for the earlier stages of the western Franconian dialects. An examination of the origins of the spelling <gh>, common in medieval Dutch as well as in the Old High German Isidor, reveals a relationship with velar palatalization. The view that <gh> goes back to Merovingian Latin and that its later use in Middle Dutch is a borrowing of an Old French spelling practice is untenable. Instead, the spelling is an internal development by Germanic scribes of an established model with diacritical <h> inherited from Latin. If Gmc. *g in the western Franconian dialects is analyzed as a voiced velar fricative, then the distinction <g ~ gh> points to an opposition between velar and palatalized reflexes of Gmc. *g.

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Published Online: 2010-08-24

Published in Print: 2010-07-01

Citation Information: Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur (PBB), Volume 132, Issue 1, Pages 1–17, ISSN (Online) 1865-9373, ISSN (Print) 0005-8076, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bgsl.2010.002.

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