Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Biomedical Human Kinetics

The Journal of University of Physical Education, Warsaw

1 Issue per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
In This Section

Effects of oral supplementation of mint extract on muscle pain and blood lactate

Gül Sönmez
  • Lehman College, Department of Health Sciences, The City University of New York, Bronx, USA
/ Mergül Çolak
  • Faculty of Education, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Erzincan University, Erzincan, Turkey
/ Sedat Sönmez
  • School of Physical Education and Sport, Department of Training Science, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey
/ Brad Schoenfeld
  • Lehman College, Department of Health Sciences, The City University of New York, Bronx, USA
Published Online: 2010-08-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10101-0016-8

Effects of oral supplementation of mint extract on muscle pain and blood lactate

Study aim: To determine the effects of mint extract on muscle pain and blood lactate levels after a 400-m run.

Material and methods: A group of 16 physical education students (mean age 21.81 ± 2.13 years) volunteered to participate in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned into 3 groups: mint, placebo or control. The mint group was given orally mint extract (5 ml/kg of body mass) and the placebo group was given unsweetened tea (5 ml/kg) in a double-blind fashion and cross-over design one hour before a 400-m running test. Subjects in the control group remained untreated. The effect of mint extract on muscle pain was recorded by an inquiry; blood lactate levels were measured after the running test.

Results: Oral administration of mint extract significantly (p<0.01) decreased blood lactate concentrations but muscle pain levels remained unchanged in all groups.

Conclusions: Oral administration of mint extract may have a beneficial effect on blood lactate clearance and therefore may increase athletic performance.

Keywords: Mint; Blood lactate; Muscle pain; 400-m run

  • Almeida R. N., C. A. Hiruma, J. M. Barbosa-Filho (1996) Analgesic effect of rotundefolone in rodents. Fitoterapia 67: 334-338.Google Scholar

  • Baytop T. (1963) Medical and poisons plants in Turkey. Med. J. Univ. Istanbul 1039 (59):339-340.Google Scholar

  • Breivik H., P. C. Borchgrevink, S. M. Allen, L. A. Rosseland, L. Romundstad, E. K. Breivik Hals, G. Kvarstein, A. Stubhaug (2008) Assessment of pain. Br.J. Anaesth. 101:17-24. DOI:10.1093/bja/aen103.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Congeni J., S. Miller (2002) Supplements and drugs used to enhance athletic performance. Ped. Clin. North Am. 49:435-461.Google Scholar

  • Davies S. J., L. M. Harding, A. P. Baranowski (2002) A novel treatment of postherpetic neuralgia using peppermint oil. Clin. J. Pain 18:200-202.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dedeçay S. S. (1995) The odor and therapeutic effects of the plants found in Cyprus. Journal of Nicosia Private Turkish University 1:137-144.Google Scholar

  • Dukiç N., Jakovlyeniç, V., Sabo, A., Popoviç, M., Lukiç, V., Gasiç, O., Jangiç, R. (1993) Evaluation of some pharmacodynamic ffects of Mentha longlifolia extracts. Planta Medica 59:691.Google Scholar

  • Forster H. B., H. Niklas, S. Lutz (1981) Antipasmodic effects of some medicinal plants. Hort. Abstr. 436.Google Scholar

  • Genders R. (1988) The Complete Book of Herbs and Herb Growing. Ward Lock Limited, London, pp. 132-133.Google Scholar

  • Göbel H, G. Schmidt, D. Soyka (1994) Effect of peppermint and eucalyptus oil preparations on neurophysiological and experimental algesimetric headache parameters. Cephalalgia 14:228-34.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Loggia D. R., A. Tubaro, T. L. Lunder (1990) Evaluation of some pharmacological activities of a peppermint extract. Fitoterapia 61(3):15-221.Google Scholar

  • MacKenzie C. M., A. Hedge (2005) Is peppermint an ergogenic aid to athletic performance? Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting Proceedings, Individual Differences in Performance, pp. 1229-1233 (5).Google Scholar

  • Madalene C. Y., M. D. Heng (1987) Local necrosis and interstitial nephritis due to topical methyl salicylate and menthol. Cutis 39:442-444.Google Scholar

  • Manabe A., S. Nakayama, K. Sakamato (1987) Effect of essential oils on erythrocytes and hepatocytes from rats and dipalmitoyl phosphatidyleholine-liposomes. J. Pharmacol. 44: 77-84.Google Scholar

  • Mauskop A. (2001) Alternative therapies in headache. Is there a role? Med. Clin. North Am. 85:1077-1084.Google Scholar

  • Moss M., S. Hewitt, L. Moss, K. Wesnes (2008) Modulation of cognitive performance and mood by aromas of peppermint and ylang-ylang. Int.J. Neurosci. 118:59-77. (DOI:10.1080/00207450601042094)CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pournemati P., M. A.Azarbayjani, M. B.Rezaee, V.Ziaee, P.Pournemati (2009) The effect of inhaling peppermint odor and ethanol in women athletes. Bratisl. Lek. Listy 110:782-787.Google Scholar

  • Powers S., E. Howley (2009) Exercise Physiology: Theory and Application to Fitness and Performance. Mc Graw Hill, pp. 151-152.Google Scholar

  • Raya P. M. D., M. P. Utrilla, M. C. Navarro, J. Jimenez (1990) CNS activity of Mentha rotundifolia and Mentha longifolia essential oil in mice and rats. Phytother. Res. 4:232-234.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Raudenbush B., N. Corley, W. Eppich (2001) Enhancing athletic performance through the administration of peppermint odor. J. Sport Exerc. Psychol. 23:156-160.Google Scholar

  • Raudenbush B., J. Koon, B. Meyer, N. Flower (2002) Effects of ambient odor on pain threshold, pain tolerance, mood, workload, and anxiety. Psychophysiology (Suppl. 39).Google Scholar

  • Raudenbush B., B. Meyer, W. Eppich (2002) Effects of odor administration on objective and subjective measures of athletic performance. Int. Sports J. l :1-15.Google Scholar

  • Raudenbush B., J. Smith, K. Graham, A. McCune (2004) Effects of peppermint odor administration on augmenting basketball performance during game play. Chem. Senses (Suppl. 29).Google Scholar

  • Schuler A., A. Rawson, A. Raudenbush (2004) Effects of beverage flavor on athletic performance, mood, and workload. J. Sport Exerc. Psychol. (Suppl. 26).Google Scholar

  • Singh S. P., S. Negi, C. Laxmi, A. K. Singh (1993) Antibacterial and antifungal activities of Mentha arvensis' essential oil. Hort. Abstr. 36:565.Google Scholar

  • Su S. V., F. M. Tuljupa, L. J. Sur (1991) Gas chromatographic determination of monoterpenes in essential oil of medicinal plants. J. Chromatogr. 542:454.Google Scholar

  • Wilmore J., D. Costill, W. L. Kenney (2008) Physiology of Sport and Exercise. Human Kinetics Publishers, pp. 355-356.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2010-08-30

Published in Print: 2010-01-01

Citation Information: Biomedical Human Kinetics, ISSN (Online) 2080-2234, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10101-0016-8.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in