Abbaspour Z., M.Rostami, S.H.Najjar (2006) The effect of exercise on primary dysmenorrheal. J.Res.Health Sci., 6:26-31. Google Scholar
Berek J.S., E.Novak (2007) Berek & Novak's Gynecology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Philadelphia, USA Google Scholar
DeCherney A., M.L.Pernoll (1994) Current obstetric & Gynecologic diagnosis & Treatment.. Lange Medical Book Series, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Google Scholar
Esfandiary F.K. (1988) Adolescent dysmenorrhea. J.Pediatr. Health Care., 2:29-37. Google Scholar
Fox E.L., D.K.Mathews (1981) The Physiological Basis of Physical Education and Athletics. Saunders College Pub., Philadelphia, USA. Google Scholar
Gordley L.B., G.Lemasters, S.R.Simpson, J.H.Yiin (2000) Menstrual disorders and occupational, stress, and racial factors among military personnel. J.Occup.Environ.Med., 42:871-881. Google Scholar
Harel Z., F.M.Biro, R.K.Kottenhahn, S.L.Rosenthal (1996) Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the management of dysmenorrheal in adolescents. Am.J.Obstet. Gynecol., 174:1335-1338. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Harlow S.D., M.Park (1996) A longitudinal study of risk factors for the occurrence, duration and severity of menstrual cramps in a cohort of college women. Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol., 103:1134-1142. Google Scholar
Jarrett M., M.M.Heitkemper, J.F.Shaver (1995) Symptoms and self-care strategies in women with and without dysmenorrheal. Health Care Women Int., 16(2):167-178. Google Scholar
Johnson J. (1988) Level of knowledge among adolescent girls regarding effective treatment for dysmenorrhea. J.Adolesc. Health Care, 9:398-402 Google Scholar
Locke R.J., M.P.Warren (1999) Exercise and primary dysmenorrhea. Br.J.Sports Med., 33:227. Google Scholar
Norton P.A., M.Peterson (1997) Menstrual disorders and other common gynecology. Hum.Reproduct.Clin.Pathol.Pharmacol. 4:255-259. Google Scholar
Roostayi M.M. (2000) Physiotherapy and exercise therapy in women and obstetric. Tehran: Sana Nashr Pub. pp: 25-27. Google Scholar
St George I.M., S.Williams, P.A.Silva (1994) Body size and the menarche: the Dunedin study. J.Adolesc.Health., 15:573-576.Google Scholar
Biomedical Human Kinetics
The Journal of University of Physical Education, Warsaw
1 Issue per year
Effects of stretching exercises on primary dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls
Study aim: To assess the effect of one term of stretching exercise on primary dysmenorrhea in high school students.
Material and methods: 179 single girls aged 15-17 years with moderate-to-severe primary dysmenorrhea were selected from 6 high schools located in 2 different city zones. The students were non-athletes and volunteered for the study. The participants were randomly divided into 2 groups: an experimental group (n = 124) and a control group (n = 55). In the intervention group, the subjects were requested to complete an active stretching exercise for 8 weeks (3 days per week, 2 times per day, 10 minutes each time) at home. In the pre-test, all of subjects were examined for pain intensity (10-point scale), pain duration, and the use of sedative tablets in 2 continuous menstruation cycles. The posttest was examined 8 weeks later.
Results: After 8 weeks, pain intensity was reduced from 7.65 to 4.88, pain duration was decreased from 7.48 to 3.86 hours, and use of sedative tablets was decreased from 1.65 to 0.79 tablets in the experimental group (p<0.05). In the control group, a significant decline was only noted for pain duration (p<0.001).
Conclusions: Stretching exercises are effective in reducing pain intensity, pain duration, and the amount of painkillers used by girls with primary dysmenorrhea.
Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.