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Assessment of Macrophyte Plant Distribution and PAH Contamination in Selected Aquatic Habitats from an Industrialized City; Kocaeli, Turkey

Fazıl Özen / Arda Acemi / Ezgi Gizem Pelin / Halim Aytekin Ergül
Published Online: 2017-11-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bimo-2017-0003


The macrophyte plant distribution in some aquatic habitats and their availability for monitoring the PAH contamination were investigated in Kocaeli Province of Turkey. Alisma plantago-aquatica L. was collected to evaluate polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in four aquatic habitats located nearby or distant to the industrial facilities and populated city center. Concentrations of eight PAH congeners were measured in A. plantagoaquatica leaves using gas chromatography. PAH sources were estimated using the following ratios, Fluoranthene / (Fluoranthene + Pyrene), Benzo(a)anthracene / (Benzo(a) anthracene + Chrysene) and Anthracene / (Anthracene + Phenanthrene) and were found to be pyrogenic-sourced in all stations. Since the ratios of congeners indicate the pyrogenic contamination, atmospheric deposition can be considered as the main pathway for PAH transportation. The highest ΣPAH concentration (798 μg kg-1) was measured in the nearest station (Bıçkıdere Dam) to the city center and highway, while the lowest concentration (183 μg kg-1) was determined in the Tahtalı Dam, which is relatively distant from the industrial facilities, dense population and motorways. Present results indicate that incomplete combustion of grass, wood and coal, as well as recreational and agricultural implementations and vehicular emissions, may cause pyrogenic PAH contamination. Also, broad basal leaves of A. plantago-aquatica can be considered as sampling material in further biomonitoring studies.

Keywords: Alisma plantago-aquatica; Aquatic habitats; Bioaccumulation; Organic pollutants; Polyaromatic hydrocarbons


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About the article

Received: 2017-09-15

Accepted: 2017-10-23

Published Online: 2017-11-24

Published in Print: 2017-11-27

Citation Information: Biomonitoring, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 27–33, ISSN (Online) 2300-4606, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bimo-2017-0003.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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