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Cellulases by Penicillium sp. in different culture conditions

Leyanis Mesa
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biotechnology, School of Engineering of Lorena, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Carmen A. Salvador
  • Corresponding author
  • University Center for Research, Science and Technology (Centro Universitario de Investigación, Ciencia y Tecnología - CUICYT). Universidad Técnica del Norte. Ibarra, Ecuador
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mónica Herrera
  • Corresponding author
  • Cuban Research Institute of Sugar Cane Derivatives (Instituto Cubano de Investigación de los Derivados de la Caña de Azúcar - ICIDCA). Havana, Cuba
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Daimí I. Carrazana
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Pharmacy. Faculty of Chemistry- Pharmacy. Central University ‟Marta Abreu” of Las Villas. Villa Clara. Cuba
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Erenio González
  • Corresponding author
  • Center of Process Analysis. Department of Chemical Engineering. Faculty of Chemistry-Pharmacy. Central University „Marta Abreu“ of Las Villas. Villa Clara, Cuba
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Published Online: 2016-01-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bioeth-2016-0005


The high cost of cellulolytic enzymes used in the ethanol production process has led to a growing interest in situ production. The evaluation of the influence of several factors in the fungus Penicillium sp. cellulase production using pretreated sugarcane bagasse is very interesting. Penicillium sp. cellulase production by using filter paper as cellulosic substrate and the use of glucose, sucrose and lactose like co-substrates was assessed. In the experiments using filter paper as a cellulosic substrate, the highest FPase enzyme activity obtained was 280 FPU.L-1 using sucrose as co-substrate. Subsequently, the study of pretreated sugarcane bagasse was conducted using Plackett-Burman experimental design with analysis of 6 factors influencing the process. The highest FPase activity was 615.1 FPU.L-1. The factors influencing FPase and β- glucosidase activity were the use of molasses and the solid loading. The successful use of molasses as co-substrate opens perspectives for future researches.

Keywords: cellulolytic enzymes; Penicillium sp.; sugarcane bagasse; molasses


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About the article

Received: 2014-02-04

Accepted: 2015-08-03

Published Online: 2016-01-29

Citation Information: Bioethanol, Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2299-6788, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bioeth-2016-0005.

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© 2016 Leyanis Mesa et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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